10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

Every year, tourists travel to famous sights and various eerie places, hoping to understand more deeply the mysterious cultures, and everything that happened to them many years ago. But sometimes weird things happen to ordinary people in their hometowns. And then the desire to find out exactly what happened and why it happened begins to stir the interest of millions of people around the world. And it is especially interesting when it seems that there is simply no logical explanation for what is happening.

1. Salzburg parallelepiped1

In 1885, a member of the foundry in Austria discovered the mysterious “Salzburg Box”. He split a piece of coal, and found in it a parallelepiped of a very strange look. There were a lot of holes and cracks on its surface, its color was unusual, and there was a particularly deep crack in the middle in the bottom. The worker had never seen anything like it, and after the discovery was shown to the head, it was decided to transfer it to the museum.The following year, a professor named Adolph Gurlt studied the parallelepiped and found that he was part of a meteorite. But further study of the artifact in the museum of natural history showed that he was actually not a meteorite, but was created artificially, and it is not known by whom. It is believed that a piece of coal, in which a parallelepiped was found, is at least 60 Ma.

2. Screaming mummy2
© www.dailymail.co.uk

Discovered in 1886, the mummy with a painful expression on her face has long been the object of all sorts of speculations. All the internal organs of this mummy are intact, which is completely uncharacteristic of the embalming procedure. Many interesting theories have arisen on this basis, but not one of them was recognized as correct. Bob Brier, an archaeologist from the University of Long Island, suggested that there were at least two people behind the mummy’s painful expression. One person was a murderer, and the second ensured complete safety of the body (possibly due to personal relations with the victim). Other researchers have put forward a mass of their own theories, from cold-blooded poisoning to burial alive. In 2008, in a documentary film released by National Geographic, researchers suggested that the mummy might be Prince Pentaur, the son of Pharaoh Ramses III, who was suspected of intending to kill his father.Ancient documents of the 12th century claimed that one of the wives of Pharaoh was convicted for participating in a plot to kill Ramses. It is believed that she sought to help the Pentaur to ascend the throne, and when the plot was uncovered, she poisoned Pentaura, and after mummification wrapped his body in sheepskin. If this were the case, then the mummy's “cry” is probably associated with poison in the body. Less sensational theories suggest that the mummy's lower jaw is open because the head is likely to have strongly leaned back after death.

3. Always burning lamps3
© www.rootsimple.com

Lamps that continued to burn without fuel were found throughout the Middle Ages throughout the world. These lamps were sealed in tombs, ostensibly so that the deceased person has a light that will help him find his way into the afterlife. Some of these tombs were opened quite recently, and the lamps in them were still burning. Superstitious people were terrified of this phenomenon, and sought to destroy any ever-burning lamp with which they had to face. Others accused the pagan priests of deception. Still others simply refused to believe that the lamp was able to burn for an indefinitely long period of time.And the overwhelming majority claimed that all this was the devil’s intrigues.

There was also a common hypothesis that what we call electricity today was open and preserved in Jewish communities. According to legend, a French rabbi named Rzeszile had a lamp that could light up on its own, without a wick or fuel. But even with electricity, which is commonplace these days, everyone who has ever tried to recreate the ever-burning lamps failed. Therefore, the question remains the same: how did these lamps burn for hundreds of years without fuel?

4. Pasan Dadong Caves4

It is known that people lived in the caves of Pasyan Dadong 300,000 years ago. It is also known that large animals lived near these caves. However, scientists were extremely surprised when they found evidence in prehistoric sediments that massive stegodons and Rinoceros lived, too, or at least died in these caves. Scientists have found it very strange, given the fact that the caves are located at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level. Paleontologist Lynn Shepharz says that it is very rare to find animals in the caves that usually do not live in them.She believes that rinoceros and stegodones are unlikely to accidentally wander into these caves. Rinoceros, in particular, were single animals that grazed on their own. And yet, in the caves are their remains. One theory suggests that carnivores killed these mammals and then dragged them into caves. But the most likely answer is human intervention. Inspection of the bones revealed that they had been on fire. And then they were beaten with a tool that, presumably, could be made of stone. The last expedition to the caves was in 1998, and to date, scientists have not come close to finding out exactly how these large animals were in the caves.

5. Lady of the jagged throne5
© www.harappa.com

The lady of the jagged throne is the most appropriate name for this mysterious and inimitable artifact, which dates from the 2700th year BC. er The artifact remains the strangest ancient object ever found by man. Making sure that this is not a fake, Italian archaeologist Massimo Vidale and his team recorded a unique appearance of the artifact for posterity. This object has the form of a chariot or boat, on the nose of which a bull head figure is set.On the “boat” there are 15 human figures that form something that can be described by the word “procession”. On these figures there are traces of black, red and yellow paint. Some figures in the “procession” have the same jewelry on their heads, and they wear conical “mantles” that are not observed on other similar figurines. You can also see a female figure that sits on the "jagged throne", from which the name of the artifact. The researchers concluded that the "lady" was created by the ancient Indian civilization, but they could not figure out the meaning and purpose of creating this artifact. There is no evidence that during the time of the Indian civilization, four-wheel vehicles were used, and it is unclear whether this artifact was created for ritual use, or for something else, more practical and rational.

6. Ancient construction under the Sea of ​​Galilee6

 

In 2003, scientists accidentally discovered the structure of a conical shape under the Sea of ​​Galilee. 10 years later, geophysicist Shmuel Marco told CNN that they were very surprised when they saw something that looked like a bronze statue on the ocean floor.Marco suggested that the ancient structure may have been a marine nursery for fish. However, most archaeologists believe that the building was originally located on the surface of the earth, and sank into the water gradually, over a long time. The structure consists of basalt, and has a conical shape. The “bottom” of the structure is 70 m in diameter, and its height is 10 m. The weight of the structure, according to scientists, is as high as 60,000 tons. That is, it weighs about two Stonehenge. The age is estimated from 2000 to 12000 years, this range was determined based on the amount of sand accumulated on the basis of the structure and from the subsequent comparison of the structure with similar structures. Archaeologist Dani Nadel noted that the building is shaped like an ancient burial in the area. Calling this a truly unusual find, Nadel suggested that the building was probably used for some ritual purposes. He also noted that this building was built of large stones, each of which weighs about 100 kg, and this is really an impressive achievement. At the same time, he stressed that the true purpose and age of this structure will most likely remain unknown.

7Shoes Hidden in an Egyptian Temple7
© Franco M. Giani

During an expedition to Egypt in 2004, archaeologists discovered an unusual “treasure”: there were seven pairs of shoes in a jug that was located in two other jars. Two pairs were childish, and the rest of the shoes belonged to an adult who was supposedly limping. Archaeologist Angelo Sesana stated that the pitcher was intentionally hidden in the brickwork, and this happened more than 2,000 years ago. Andre Veldmeyer, a connoisseur of ancient shoes, called the discovery "extraordinary" because the shoes found were in excellent condition. He ran tests and suggested that the shoes were quite expensive and should have emphasized the status of the owner. According to him, the main secret is why the jug with shoes was hidden in the wall, and why its owners never removed it. Veldmeyer suggested that there was once a riot in the area, as a result of which the owner of the shoes hid it, after which he was forced to leave.

8. Bayi Tunnels8
© Wikimedia

More than 2,000 years ago, the Bayi Temple in Rome was a very popular place, famous for its minerals, supposedly giving immortality, and the fact that it probably had an entrance to Hades. Now, only mysterious ruins remain from him.In the 60s, Robert Paget and Keith Jones decided to explore these ruins. Hardly squeezing through a narrow hole, they found themselves in a narrow tunnel, which smelled of volcanic gas. Paget discovered that the beginning of the tunnel complex indicated a rise, and the tunnels themselves go mainly from the east to the west. This suggested that rituals were an important factor in the construction of tunnels. Researchers have found many niches for installing fixtures along the walls of tunnels. They also discovered what seemed to be a tunnel ventilation system. And when they reached the end of one of the tunnels, a real mystery appeared. Immediately after a sharp turn ran a stream of boiling water. The stones that scientists threw into this water seemed to just disappear in the dark. The men decided that if the mythical entrance to Hades actually existed, then they probably just found it.9
© www.freerepublic.com

In 1965, scientists with the help of Colonel David Lewis determined that boiling water was coming from underground volcanic caverns, which arose from hot springs. However, even with this new knowledge, it was completely incomprehensible who exactly built the Bayi tunnels, and for what purpose he did it.

9. Trail to Antelope Springs10
© Clifford Burdick

On June 1, 1968, the fossil hunter William Meister Sr. took his family on a trip to Antelope Springs. During this trip, Meister was struck by a fossil that looked like a trace of a shoe, and the heel was pressed deeper than the rest of the foot. And under this imprint, he discovered two petrified trilobites. Having found them, he immediately thought that the man in the shoes had somehow stepped on the fossils. After examination, Meister and his colleagues found that the age of the find is almost 600 million years. The secret is that although the “shoe imprint” clearly indicates that someone stepped on trilobites, there are no signs of pressure on the trilobites themselves. In addition, trilobites were sea creatures, which means that the one who left the “imprint” entered the sea. Why - no one knows.

10. The Pyramid of Elliniko11
© Wikimedia

It seems strange to think that there are pyramids in Europe. But they really are there, and there are quite a lot of them. In Greece alone there are 16 of them, and the most famous of them is the Pyramid of Elliniko in Argos. The first mention of this pyramid is found in the writings of the ancient Greek geographer Pausanius.In the work “Description of Greece” he describes this building as “a building very similar to a pyramid with forged shields of the Argos form”. He then mentions the battle that took place at the pyramid and the reconciliation that took place later. All fallen in that battle were placed in a "common crypt." In general, almost nothing was known about the pyramid, except for the expected date of its construction: the 2720th year BC. er If this date is correct, then the pyramid of Elliniko may be older than the oldest pyramid of Egypt. But the greatest secret of the pyramid of Elliniko is not at all her age, but the fact that no one yet knows who built it, and why it was used.

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  • 10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity

    10 unsolved mysteries of antiquity