Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

May 30, 2018

Bund is the abbreviated name of the “General Jewish Workers' Union (Bund) in Lithuania, Poland and Russia” (Algemeiner Yidischer Arbater Bund in Lithuania, Poiln un Rusland), a social-democratic organization of workers mainly engaged in handicraft production; formed from the working circles of the North-West Territory and Warsaw. It was mentioned several times on Dety (for those interested - search).
From the memoirs of the members of the organization about their struggle with provocateurs:
“At the beginning of 1905, we established that there is a group of 14 provocateurs operating in the city. Arrests were going on all the time, the best fighters were being pulled out of our ranks, and we did not know the reasons. At that time, one carpenter came to us and talked about the group of provocateurs, which he was going to join to expose her: “This night the meeting of the group with the gendarme colonel will take place in such and such a place. Sneak up under the windows and see who will be there. ” At night, our comrades followed his advice and saw through the gap of Vyatek and the woman Ithuku.The next day, leaflets with the names of all provocateurs were already distributed in the city. Death to the provocateurs - that was our decision. When we met near the Itku River, we wanted to kill her first, but then we were forced to go to America. Later we exposed another provocateur, Avroma, who was an agent for transporting emigrants across the border. With one hand, he took money from immigrants, and the other - from the police for their extradition. They finished him by sticking a knife in the throat near the old cemetery. Before his death, he managed to shout: "Yankel." The next day we searched the city for all the Yankels.

In addition to the provocateurs, the police also used janitors in the fight against us. Each of them was attached to a specific site where he was supposed to give information. Janitors went with a thick stick and behaved like a policeman. When the police were chasing a revolutionary, the wipers threw sticks at his feet. During the arrest, they walked behind and beat. Further, it was impossible to endure them. And so, on reflection, we decided to wipers to burn their eyes, although they are working people. Burned one. Did not help. Burned another. Then the janitors came to the station and said that they were taking off police duties, because life is more precious to them.That's how we had to fight. ”
A.Shpitsgloz

Brochure “1905 th year in Berdichev. Notes and Memories.

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  • Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

    Battle squad Bund, 1905, Berdichev

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