Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

What causes leukocyte elevation in the urine in infants?

Leukocytes: why are needed

From a biology school course, you must remember that human blood contains a variety of cells and post-cell structures. The latter include red blood cells and platelets. And the first - leukocytes. Each cell has its own functions and purpose. So, red blood cells transport oxygen throughout the body, but the main function of leukocytes is protective. They are the main force of the body in confronting alien agents that go inside or are already active here. Therefore, the appearance of leukocytes in the urine (especially if they are elevated) is a reason to consult a doctor.

To determine the number of leukocytes allows conducting urine tests in special laboratories. Depending on what kind of analysis was collected (general, according to Nechiporenko or another), the rate of presence of leukocytes is determined.

In case of “manual” research, it is considered that the norm of leukocytes for girls is up to 10 in sight, and for boys it is up to 7 in sight.

Jar of urine and transcriptHowever, this method is used less and less, since they actively began to use special equipment. If you have passed the analysis to a modern laboratory, then there the rate will be determined up to 10 leukocytes per 1 micron. In such laboratories, the “norm” values ​​are usually indicated on the result obtained next to the indicators.

If the results you have noticed increased performance, then you should not immediately panic. It is enough to analyze whether you really complied with all the rules for collecting analysis. Remember what and how you did. Also correlate the results with the general condition of the child. And if you notice deviations in his health, and in the analysis of urine you found leukocytes above the norm, then this will be a reason to go to the doctor.

General rules for urine collection

In order for the results of the analysis to be reliable, it is necessary to properly prepare for the procedure for taking and collecting the analysis. If we are talking about the general analysis of urine, then it should be collected necessarily in the morning after the child wakes up.This should be done on an empty stomach, since the composition of urine may change after a meal.

Mom washes the babyBefore collecting urine, external genitalia should be washed with soap and water. This is done to ensure that the discharge does not fall into the analysis and does not spoil its results. In order for the indicators not to be elevated, it is necessary to use only clean and sterile utensils. In any pharmacy special containers are sold. If you need an accurate result, it is best to use them.

The minimum amount of urine required for analysis is 30 ml. At the same time, it should be delivered to the laboratory no later than 1.5-2 hours after collection. In some cases, it is allowed to store the liquid in the refrigerator.

A couple of days before the analysis, try to exclude from the child's diet foods that can change the color of urine - beets, carrots, tomatoes. Also the rate of leukocytes can be exceeded after eating such foods as bananas, chocolate, pineapple. Therefore, try to exclude them from the diet.

Be sure to warn if you are taking antibiotics or any other medications. This can greatly affect the outcome.

Collect urine from babies

Quite often, it is difficult for parents to take an analysis from a child up to 2 years old. At this age, it is quite difficult to catch the first morning urination and even harder to send it to the necessary container (especially for girls). Therefore, some go to the tricks that ultimately lead to an incorrect analysis result.

Do not squeeze a diaper or diaper after a child up to a year. Having passed such a filter, the liquid loses many of its characteristics, and therefore the reliability of the results will be questionable.

No need to pour urine into the container from the pot. Especially if it is plastic. As practice shows, the analysis collected in this way always shows the result with elevated indicators. And if you make “Bakpos”, then the parents will be completely horrified.

Musical collectors for childrenIf you use baby food, you can adapt for analysis a jar from under it. But you need to prepare it in advance (to wash off food residues, boil). With a bit of luck, you can contrive and catch a crumb when he (she) writes.

But for children up to a year old and a little older, there is a modern and convenient option for parents - a garbage bag.It is specially designed separately for boys and girls, taking into account the structural features of their urinary system. You can buy this miracle at any pharmacy.

Possible causes of increased white blood cell count

If you are sure that you did everything right before and during the collection of analysis, and the indicators are higher than those defined as the norm, you should definitely examine the child for the presence of hidden inflammatory processes. They can develop in the urinary tract and in the kidneys. Red cells and protein in the urine indicate the latter. The exact reasons for the appearance of such indicators can only be determined by a specialist after all the necessary examinations have been performed.

If, after repeated analysis of urine, the indicators did not change for the better, then it is necessary to examine the child for the following problems:

  1. Infection in the urinary tract, which is more common in girls than boys.
  2. Mom with the child at the doctorInfection in the kidney or pyelonephritis. Often the causes of this disease lie in a previously undiagnosed inflammatory process in the bladder. Such a situation is more characteristic for weak children who have recently had acute acute respiratory infections or have chronic diseases. Erythrocytes in the urine indicate such an infection.
  3. Long patience before urinating. As a result of this, favorable conditions arise for the development of a bacterial infection.
  4. The presence of inflammatory processes on the external genitalia.
  5. Certain metabolic disturbances or any allergic reactions.
  6. Intertrigo.

If only a specialist can identify some of these diseases, then, for example, diaper rash can be seen by parents themselves.

In babies, if the leukocytes that appear in the urine are not the result of an incorrect collection of the analysis, this excess may indicate the occurrence of infection in the bladder.

Many pediatricians, noting the unreasonable increase in temperature, are primarily sent for urinalysis. Until the results you should alert the following symptoms:

  • excessive irritation;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • developmental delay.

Together with elevated leukocytes, the rate of which is indicated above, this may be the basis for the appointment of ultrasound, x-rays, cystoscopy and other studies. With their help, the final cause of the pathology is determined, which is later eliminated with the help of various types of treatment.

Treatment and prevention of diseases

After the cause of the deviation of the indicators has been identified, the doctor prescribes treatment. Most often, it comes down to taking antibiotics, because the main goal is to destroy the existing infection and reduce possible damage to the kidneys. Therefore, do not be intimidated by the fact that you will be prescribed antibiotics - in the treatment of such diseases is the norm.

Baby criesIf the child’s condition is not very good, and kidney infection has already gone (red blood cells in the urine may indicate this), severe vomiting is observed, or the patient is very small, then doctors prescribe medication intramuscularly. In other cases, experts prefer not to injure an already worn out child and prescribe oral antibiotics. Improvement should occur after two days of treatment. If this is not observed, the urine is once again submitted for analysis, and already according to the picture highlighted there (for example, red blood cells and protein that have appeared) change the treatment. With normal development, after 7-14 days the child is considered healthy.

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  • Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants

    Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants Causes of increased white blood cells in the urine in infants