Charter of the Orthodox Church - commemoration of the departed
During the passage of the Divine Liturgy by the Orthodox Church, the main petition is made in prayers for the repose of the dead and the health of the living parishioners, thus offering a bloodless sacrifice to the Lord God for them. Let us remember that during the liturgy, the greatest good and benefit for people dear and close to us is commemoration of the dead according to the rules of the Orthodox Church.
The first and one of the most important and significant moments committed during the proskomide iscommemoration of the dead by the statute of the Orthodox Churchwhich is an invisible and inaudible prayer commemoration of the names filed in the notes. It takes place on the altar of the faithful and liturgical prosphora. During the passage of this stage, there are reading memorial books and notes containing the names of the living and already dead Christians. At this stage, the priest takes the particle out of the prosphora with the words: “Remember, Lord, (indicate the name of the one to be remembered)”.Then they lie down next to the lamb on the diskos.
It is worth remembering and knowing that memorial services are performed only for the baptized and are not performed for non-baptized in Orthodoxy and suicide, including the latter are not commemorated in the liturgy, since the particles for them are considered alien objects in the Body of Christ, and this violates the freedom of the individual our creator. In addition, it is considered a kind of violent way of attributing a person to the Church and the Body of Christ - without his knowledge or prior consent.
During the commemoration of the departed under the statutes of the Orthodox Church, the priests take out particles from the prosphora for health or for the repose of clergymen of the parish and members of the parish who were enlisted in the synod, and the names you entered in the memoirs are usually commemorated it is customary to order one prosphora).
If, according to pious custom, two prosphora were ordered, for health and for peace, then with such an action you will not sin a little, since, because of its dual composition, the priest takes a piece from each for health and for peace, and you should write the notes in large legible or block letters.As a rule, in the beginning of the notes they write the names of the ministers of the church, bishops, priests, deacons, and monastics.
After that, the names of relatives and relatives are already indicated. It is advisable to keep track of the number of names so that the notes are not long, and you should not write about who and how is “needy,” “suffering,” etc. God knows about who needs what. It is better to serve notes in advance. Without knowing the full name of the Christian and the moment that he is baptized or not, it is worth refraining from mentioning him in a note, and it is advisable to remember him in private prayer.
Naturally, logically, the commemoration of the departed takes place on it according to the statutes of the Orthodox Church, where the rules for issuing a note are identical to the proskomedia, but marked with the word “panikhida”.
Due to the fact that it is rather inconvenient to use the commemoration at the funeral service, notes are written separately on sheets and, if there is still a requiem liturgy, they are prepared in advance and a commemoration is served on the altar or you need to put a note at the candle box. They will get to the priest before the beginning of the requiem and commemoration of the departed according to the statutes of the Orthodox Church. In addition, donations that you can make, put next to the table for koliva (kutyi) or next to the lectern.
Also, they usually bring coliva or kutia from wheat with honey, fruit and nuts, which is a symbol of the universal resurrection in our faith and on strictly certain days its consecration is included in the liturgy. Other products are not recommended to be brought, since this is contrary to tradition, but they can be donated for a common meal following the commemoration in the liturgy.
Commemoration of the dead in Lent
For those who died during the period of Lent, the commemoration of the dead according to the statutes of the Orthodox Church, the following instruction follows:“It is fitting that vedati, for when it will be our brother to seek the Lord in holy days in the middle of the week, there are no even his third until the heel of the evening, then his dirge is celebrated: likewise on Saturday is his liturgy. On the coming Sabbath there are his ninths, if it happens, if it be not. The sixtieth of it happens, when the number of its days is fulfilled. The gifts and his memory begin on the new week, even before the fulfillment of the days of the fourties. ”
That is, the 3rd and 9th day after death are committed on two Saturdays, close to the day of death, absolutely regardless of whether they are 3rd or 9th.Although on weekdays during the Great Lent, commemorations of the departed, according to the statutes of the Orthodox Church, are performed daily in ordinary lithiums, and there can be a deliberate commemoration only on the first four Saturdays.
Therefore, the commemoration of the departed under the statute of the Orthodox Church to the deceased in this fast only on these four days is confined to the third and ninth day, and also on these days the commemoration of the 40th day can be performed.
The one-hundredth commemoration of those who departed to the other world originates from Fomina’s week on Monday and ends after forty liturgies. The commemoration of the departed on the days of Great Lent does not constitute a reason, since there is no complete liturgy these days.