Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

Prerequisites for the development of colpitis

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina can trap women at the most inopportune moment. It can be caused by the most diverse pathogenic microflora, among which the following pathogens are distinguished:

  • hemophilus bacillus;
  • trichomonas;
  • chlamydia;
  • staphylococcus;
  • streptococcus;
  • mycoplasma.

In some cases, the association of several species of pathogenic flora can causevaginitis. It should be understood that genital infections can be transmitted to women from men. Since at the moment no one is immune from this kind of disease, it is better to be tested twice a year for the presence of such pathogens.

Today, colpitis is the most common gynecological disease in women. Of course, appropriate treatment is necessary so that the disease does not spread to the cervix, does not cause endometriosis, erosion and other unpleasant serious complications.

Pathogens KolpitaIt is important to understand that a large number of Doderlein sticks that emit lactic acid inhabit the healthy vagina. Lactic acid helps to neutralize the harmful microflora, being a natural protective barrier of the body of women. For this reason, causative agents of colpitis may not always be transmitted by men from sexual contact. Healthy vaginal microflora protects women from the development of diseases.

At the same time there are factors that weaken the natural immunity and many times increase the risk of colpitis. They help lower the level of the Doderlein wand. So, the prerequisites for the development of the disease include the following:

  • trauma to the mucous membrane of the vagina;
  • violation of the rules of intimate hygiene;
  • hypothermia;
  • endocrine system diseases;
  • inflammatory processes throughout the body;
  • antibiotic treatment;
  • allergies to contraceptives and medications that are inserted into the vagina (condoms, ointments, suppositories);
  • insufficient nutrition of the mucous membrane;
  • special anatomical structure of the vagina;
  • seasonal immunity reduction.

It is important to understand that even such a seemingly non-dangerous disease as colpitis can lead to irreversible changes in the tissues of the organs of the female reproductive system, which leads to infertility. For this reason, it is important not only to undergo appropriate treatment in a timely manner, but also to know detailed information about the symptoms and varieties of such a disease. This will help maintain women's health. In addition, each woman must perform a full range of activities aimed at the prevention of gynecological disorders.

Varieties and symptoms of colpitis

There are two main forms of the disease - acute and chronic. The first occurs unexpectedly due to adverse factors affecting the body. The second develops if the body does not receive qualified treatment.Sometimes the acute form occurs when a woman tries to cure vaginitis at home, using the advice of her friends and folk methods. It is strictly prohibited to do this.

Sharp lower abdominal painAcute colpitis can be trichomonas and fungal. In both cases, women are diagnosed with abnormal vaginal discharge, itching, unpleasant burning sensation, sharp pain and a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen.With the introduction of a gynecological speculum and other mechanical effects, the mucous membrane begins to bleed. There is also itching when trying to urinate. Sometimes in the secretions can be observed admixture of ichor. At the same time, fungal colpitis is accompanied by a white odorless vaginal discharge of a cheesy consistency. Trichomonas colpit causes abundant purulent discharge. Most often, they have an unpleasant smell, foaming and painted in green-yellowish color.

It must be understood that Trichomonas colpitis is perhaps the most common in modern women. The reason is that it is sexually transmitted.

Unfortunately, today many people do not care about their own safety, do not use condoms, which are able to prevent infection with Trichomonas. Trichomonas colpitis is accompanied by the vaginal discharge described above, the increasing urge to urinate, itching, pain in the vagina and lower abdomen.

Girl at the gynecological examinationInfection can affect the cervix and urethra. In the latter case, the disease is called trichomoniasis. Sometimes women can developvulvitis- inflammatory process of the female genital organs. It should be noted that during the examination, the gynecologist diagnoses a diffusely hyperemic mucosa. At the same time, bubbles inevitably appear, the number and nature of which depend on the gas-forming micrococci. It should be understood that to cure Trichomonas colpitis is not so simple. Often it is chronic in nature with periodic periods of exacerbation.

The acute form of coleitis, regardless of whether it has a fungal or trichomonadic nature, may become chronic. Often this situation occurs when, at the first manifestations of the disease, appropriate treatment was not carried out. The chronic form has periods of remission and exacerbation. In this case, women can be carriers of the pathogen. Over time, the disease affects not only the mucous tissues of the vagina, but also the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes.

What should you know about colpitis in women in special moments of life?

During pregnancy, colpit is especially dangerous for women. The fact is that an infection can penetrate the amniotic fluid, the placenta, and cause serious consequences.At the same time there is a threat of miscarriage.

The stomachs of pregnant womenAscending infection can change the hormones of the future mother, disrupt the functioning of the immune system. Doctors distinguish two stages of colpitis while waiting for a child - acute and chronic. The first is accompanied by pain. In chronic course, the pain is not so pronounced. It is important to prevent infection of the fetus. Only timely treatment of the disease will help to avoid negative consequences for the child. It should also be noted that to give birth during kolpita is prohibited - this will lead to infection of the child. For this reason, it is so important to treat inflammation of the vaginal mucosa.

In girls who do not live sexually, colpitis may also develop. Of course, he does not have the character of a venereal disease. This disease has the form of vulvovaginitis. It is a process that develops due to a bacterial infection. Often the cause of this condition are allergic reactions of the body. The girl may show discharge of purulent character in small quantities. Treatment of such a disease should be prescribed by a teen gynecologist.

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There is another type of disease that is calledatrophic colpitis. It occurs in women during menopause, that is, in 45 - 55 years. This condition is primarily due to changes in hormonal levels. At the age of 45 - 55 years in women there is a decrease in the production of ovarian hormones. This leads to the fact that dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina occurs, its microflora becomes vulnerable. With intercourse increases the likelihood of microtraumas. In the mucus that the vagina produces, the lactobacillus content decreases. This leads to the development of atrophic colpitis. The disease is accompanied by dryness in the vagina, itching, discomfort during intercourse, purulent discharge. Therapy should be aimed at maintaining the hormonal background of the woman.

Treatment of colpitis

Tablets and Vaginal SuppositoriesBefore performing the treatment of colpitis, it is necessary to establish its exact cause. To do this, consult a qualified doctor. Usually prescribed antibacterial drugs, which are used in combination with local anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents.Well manifested drugs Ofor, Tifloks, which have a complex effect on the body. For the topical treatment vaginal tablets Terzhinan, candles and ointment Chlorhexidine, Metronidazole are perfect.

During pregnancy, women are prescribed safe and effective drugs Fluomizin, Neotrizol, Lomeksin. Douching with chamomile decoction has a good effect.

It should be understood that all drugs should be prescribed by a doctor. Antibiotics should be prescribed only after conducting laboratory tests that are able to determine which pathogenic microflora caused the disease.

Then the treatment will bring results.

It is equally important to observe the rules of intimate hygiene. Every woman should use for this purpose special products that contain lactic acid. It is forbidden to use ordinary soap. It is very important to perform hygiene of the genital organs in the morning, in the evening and after each sexual intercourse. Often, colpitis develops precisely because of non-compliance with simple rules of hygiene.

Colpitis is sometimes called vaginitis. This disease affects mainly women of reproductive age.There is adolescent and atrophic colpitis, which requires no less attention. Timely treatment is a guarantee that the disease will not have negative consequences for women's health.

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  • Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation

    Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation Colpitis: types of disease and manifestation