Diefenbachia Care Rules
Description of the species
Dieffenbachia is a representative of the tropical flora that was brought into our temperate latitudes from South America. Some representatives live in the tropics of Central America. Today, the plant is also quite common in the natural environment. The tree is evergreen and belongs to the ornamental deciduous flora. Accordingly, a healthy plant never turns yellow. It is worth noting that Dieffenbachia belongs to the Aroid family. There are about 40 varieties of dieffenbachy.
An interesting fact is that the plant was named in honor of the Austrian Josef Dieffenbach, who held the honorary position of gardener of the Imperial Botanical Garden in the Schonbrunn Palace. The widespread tradition of decorating dieffenbachia gardens and dwellings has existed for 150 years. In many ways, the plant has gained popularity due to its unpretentiousness.
However, even a non-flowering plant is very beautiful. A characteristic feature of this decorative flora is foliage, which is difficult to confuse with anything. What the dieffenbachia sheet will be depends directly on its type. It is worth noting that there are two main varieties of the plant - dieffenbachia spotty and heterogeneity. In addition, the color of the foliage is characterized by the appearance of light green and yellowish spots, which give the tree an unusual appearance. Their size is quite large. In the active phase of growth, every week new leaves appear at the plant, so you don’t have to grow a beautiful, slender, tall tree from a young flower for years.
It is important to consider that the size of the tree at home can reach 2 meters. Basically, this picture is typical of tall Dieffenbachia species. Holders of such a flora should know that the broken tip can take root. It is also important to note that some species have buds at the base of the stem. Sometimes these formations lead to the fact that the plant begins to bush.
A rare bloom may occur in July. This is an indication that dieffenbachia feels great and lives in ideal conditions. But it is important to remember that flowers are best removed because they greatly weaken the plant and do not represent any decorative value at all. If you do not remove the flowers, this will lead to the fact that the beautiful leaves will quickly turn yellow, the plant will even more bare the trunk. In general, it is worth noting that a home-grown tree often resembles a palm tree. This is facilitated by the rapid emergence of new and rapid discharge of the lower leaves. This feature must be taken into account when caring for the plant.
Light and moisturizing
Such indoor flowers like well-lit spaces. It is very important to take this feature into account in winter, when dieffenbachia is most vulnerable. It is important to note that the plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. First of all, a change in the color of the leaves indicates a wrong lighting. Dark areas may appear on them. Often the leaves become small and painful in appearance.If the plant does not have enough sunlight, you can use artificial light. The easiest method is to place the pot in a brighter room. In the warm season, the tree can be put on the open space. It is important to protect it from being hit by the scorching rays of the sun, which are capable of destroying the flora.
Dieffenbachia, the care of which involves the proper watering, loves slightly moist soil. For this reason, it is necessary in the warm season to carry out such procedures several times a week. Before watering, it is always necessary to assess the state of soil moisture.
To ensure a favorable microclimate for your beauty, you can put a special tank filled with water next to the plant. This will create the increased humidity that dieffenbachia loves. You should regularly spray the leaves of the flower with water using a spray bottle.To avoid stains on them, some time after the procedure it is worth removing the remaining liquid with a soft and clean cloth. Water for spraying must be cleaned from metal impurities, lime, bleach. The use of ordinary tap water can lead to the formation of spots on the leaves.
Temperature and fertilizer
Owners of Dieffenbachia should closely monitor the temperature. This plant tolerates low and high temperatures. It is not possible to dramatically change the living conditions, for example, transfer the pot from the balcony, where is +13 degrees, to the bedroom, where is +23 degrees. In the warm season, the best indicators of a room thermometer are 20 - 23 degrees, and in the cold - 15 - 17 degrees. It is worth noting that the plant can withstand temperatures not lower than +10. But such conditions, if they are not short-lived, contribute to the rapid death of Dieffenbachia. The plant tolerates drafts very poorly, so it is better to place the pot away from the window and heating devices. The latter dry the air, which is also an unfavorable condition.
During the active phase, which lasts from the second half of spring until the end of summer, dieffenbachia needs feeding.The main rule that should be followed with this is the absence of lime in fertilizers. Otherwise, it can destroy the plant or spoil its appearance. It is advisable to feed every 15 days. It is better to reduce the dosage indicated on the package mix twice. The plant responds well to top dressing - the leaves grow in size and are not updated so quickly. At the same time, a high content of nitrogen may lead to the acquisition of a darker green color by dieffenbachia. It is advisable to use mineral fertilizers that contain:
- reduced nitrogen concentration;
Transplantation and reproduction
To determine if dieffenbachia needs a transplant, it is necessary to assess the state of the root system. If the roots twist the ground, this indicates the need to update it. You can also use a less radical method of transfer - transshipment. For these purposes, it is worth choosing the right time, beautiful and optimum size pot, as well as the right soil. The period in which to transplant dieffenbachia, lasts from February to May.If this process is carried out in the summer or fall, it will increase the time of adaptation to the new ground, increase the likelihood of developing diseases.
If you plan to independently form a mixture of soil for transplantation, then you need to consider that the soil for dieffenbachia should consist of 4 parts of turf soil, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sheet soil and 1 part of sand. The soil should be air- and moisture-proof for comfortable living of the plant. We recommend purchasing ready-made mixes in specialized stores. They have a balanced composition, the correct acidity, and also have been cleaned from pests.
Propagation of dieffenbachia can be done with stem cuttings. After they are pruned, it is necessary that the rooting process takes place. To do this, the cuttings should be planted in the sand, a mixture of a torus and sand, or placed in purified water. For rooting, it is necessary to place a young plant in a warm room, where the temperature is consistently 21 to 23 degrees. To create a suitable microclimate, you can cover the box with cuttings of transparent film. Planting of shoots is worth making when their roots have reached several centimeters.A young plant should be watered with a non-concentrated solution of mineral fertilizers, alternating this procedure with regular watering with purified water.
For this reason, it is not recommended to keep the plant in the house with animals and small children. It is worth noting that the plant does not poison the air - it is dangerous only in contact with skin and mucous membranes.
Dieffenbachia is an incredibly beautiful decorative leafy plant. It looks great in any home, decorating it, filling it with rich colors of tropical greenery. We recommend growing this tree to all lovers of indoor plants, because it not only looks beautiful, but is unpretentious.