Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, 972 km west of Ecuador, consisting of 13 major volcanic islands.

The islands are known primarily for the large number of native species of fauna and the research carried out by Charles Darwin, which served as the first impetus for Darwin to create an evolutionary theory of the origin of species.

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Sea lions swim near San Cristobal. This is the subfamily of eared seals. In nature, sea lion voices are a hoarse roar.

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In 1978, UNESCO declared the islands Territory of World Heritage, and in 1985 the Biosphere Reserve.

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Tuna fish are a genus of fish of the mackerel family. The speed of the tuna can reach 70 km / h (according to other data 90), which makes it one of the fastest fish, along with such as: shark (60 km / h), sailfish (109 km / h), black marlin (120 km / h), swordfish (130 km / h). In early January 2013, a record price for one fish was set in Japan. During the auction, the 222-pound Atlantic tuna was sold for $ 1.8 million.

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The giant turtles of the Galapagos Islands can weigh up to 250 kg and live for more than 100 years.

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The marine iguana is an iguana that lives exclusively on the Galapagos Islands.It has a unique ability among modern lizards to spend most of its time at sea.

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Hammerhead shark. The width of the wings "hammer" is 23-27% of body length. Due to its large size (average length 3.5 m) and large teeth, the giant hammerhead is surely capable of causing fatal injuries to humans. This species has (perhaps undeserved) a reputation as aggressive and is the most dangerous of the hammerhead sharks.

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Marine iguanas.

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There is evidence that a hammerhead shark 7 meters long 89 centimeters and weighing 363 kilograms was caught off the coast of New Zealand.

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The red crab is one of the most interesting animals of the Galapagos Islands, its image is often found on a series of photographs of the archipelago.

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Tourists.

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Marine iguanas swim, waving in a wave in a horizontal plane. Diving is preferred at low tide, when the water is heated to the maximum by the sun. Under water, iguanas can hold their breath for 1 hour.

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View from the top of the island of Bartolome on the Galapagos Islands.

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The marine iguana is found on all islands of the archipelago, mainly on rocky shores, salt marshes and mangroves.Sea iguanas live only in the Galapagos Islands off the coast of South America. Iguana skeleton

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Currently, the archipelago is still inhabited by many foreign animals such as goats, pigs, dogs, rats, mice, cats, sheep, horses, donkeys, cows, poultry, ants, cockroaches and some parasites. Dogs and cats attack defenseless wild birds and destroy their nests, catch iguanas, land and sea turtles. Pigs do even more damage by destroying the nests of turtles and iguanas, as well as destroying natural vegetation in search of insects and roots. Perhaps the pigs caused the disappearance of iguanas on the island of Santiago, although they were there during the time of Darwin.

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The archipelago was known by many different names, including Enchanted Islands.

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Olushi are large birds that freely hover over the ocean and fish and squids, diving into the water from a height of 10-100 m to a depth of 25 m. The legs of the birds have bright blue swimming membranes - a distinctive feature of this species. Blue legs of males in the period of overcurrent play a significant role. Females prefer a male with legs painted blue and neglect a male whose legs look gray-blue.

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American brown pelican.The smallest of pelicans: the length of his body does not exceed 137 cm, and the weight of 4.5 kg.

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In 1986, the surrounding water area with a total area of ​​70,000 sq. Km. was declared a “marine conservation area”, the second largest after the Australian Great Barrier Reef. In 1990, the archipelago became a refuge for whales.

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Common iguana. The length of the body from the nose to the tip of the tail in adults usually does not exceed 1.5 m, although in the history certain individuals are known that are longer than 2 m and weigh up to 8 kg.

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Marine iguanas.

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Whale shark. The largest of the currently existing species of sharks, as well as the largest of modern fish. Its size often exceeds 10 m, there are data on 18-meter and even 20-meter specimens. The whale shark is a rare species, the number of which has not been large before, and has been constantly decreasing in recent decades.

22

The elephant turtle. Endemic to the Galapagos Islands, a threatened species. It is the largest land tortoise currently living and 10th in weight among all living reptiles, reaching a weight of more than 400 kg and a length of more than 1.8 meters.

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  • Galapagos Islands

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