Holy Martyr Eve
August 27 The Orthodox Church honors the memory of the Martyr Eve. In all the temples and small churches, prayers dedicated to the memory of this saint are held on this day. What information about her has been preserved and why has she been canonized?
Saint Eve (in the world Akilina Vasilievna Pavlova) was born into a peasant family on July 10, 1879 in the village of Issa, Penza Province. Unfortunately, information about the place of her vows and initial Christian exploits has not been preserved; only that Pavlova was an abbess in the monastery of Penza.
In the late 1920s. Penza Holy Trinity Monastery was closed, and Mother Eva was forced to move to the neighboring Saratov diocese, where she was soon arrested in the village of Balki of the Rtishchevsky district “for counter-revolutionary agitation” and sentenced by the OGPU board to 8 years of exile to Kazakhstan.
Saint Eve departed in exile three years out of eight, and in mid-1930. served as the abbess of the Sretensky monastery in the city of Moscow, which was later destroyed to the ground by the persecutors, and Akilina Vasilievna was exiled to Shymkent.
Mother Eve in Chimkent created a secret monastic community and, together with the Metropolitan of Leningrad Joseph (Petrov) and the Bishop of Rostov, Evgeny (Kobranov), made secret tonsure of new nuns.
Pavlova was arrested for the second time in 1937 - she was charged by the NKVD of the South Kazakhstan region of the Kazakh SSR: tonsure She systematically conducted campaigns and expressed defeatism with the expectation of the restoration of the monarchist-bourgeois system. ”
During the investigation, mother said: “I didn’t do counterrevolution and didn’t do such work.”
Soon, in 1937, a meeting of the UNKVD troika in the South Kazakhstan region decided to shoot 12 people, including Eva Pavlova. The death sentence was carried out on August 27, 1937, near the city of Chimkent, in the so-called Fox Balka. The new martyrs were buried in a mass grave, unfortunately, information about the exact burial site is unknown.
At the end of the jubilee Bishops' Council of the Russian Orthodox Church, which was held on August 20, 2000, Abbess Eva (Pavlova) was canonized for general church worship in the Council of the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia.
Commemoration of St. Eve - August 27th.