How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

How to and for what to mulch the soil?

Process definition and description

Covering the land so that it does not dry out, preserving fertility, using various materials - soil mulching.To make it clearer, you can give a simple example: in the hot summer in the wind you can often see how the ground is ugly cracking, almost the same way concrete is cracking. This process will save it from such problems, helping to retain moisture and protect it from the wind.

The material for mulching can be different, but its main task is to cover the soil, while retaining the ability to breathe. In addition, the material must be harmless. Both organic and inorganic variants can be used, and the choice depends on the objectives, the plant and other factors.

If you pay attention to the bushes and trees, you will see under them a layer of fallen leaves, plant particles, remnants of other plants. This layer in nature protects the ground layer from drying out, erosion and other negative processes. At its core, mulching is an artificial creation of such a layer.The use of organic mulch options will also enrich the ground cover with beneficial substances and will contribute to the development of the root system of the plant.

Also, such a protective layer allows you to deal with weeds, reduces the number of required irrigation and minimizes the need for weeding. Properly selected material will help the soil to breathe, which is especially necessary for clayey earth covers.

A layer of mulch is an excellent base for the reproduction of soil bacteria and an additional source of nutrients. Under this layer, the optimum temperature is maintained, as well as the desired humidity.

The advantages of this process

Mulch has a beneficial effect on the plant and on the ground. Among the advantages of using this process are the following:Flowers in beds of mulch

  • preservation of moisture in the ground;
  • reducing the number of weeds;
  • prevention of land erosion;
  • elimination of the possibility of overheating and freezing;
  • preventing the formation of a crust on the soil, which prevents water absorption;
  • preservation of friability.

Options to cover the land

There are several methods of mulching. It:

  • use of film or other covering material;
  • composting;
  • the use of organic varieties (sawdust, peat, and so on).

The easiest way to carry out this process is using organic material. It can be carried out with the following materials:

  1. Types of mulchSawdust, chips, bark. It is believed that this option is great for fruit trees and shrubs. 2-4 cm - the optimal size of the chips, bark. Sawdust can also improve the site and make so that the bare ground does not attract attention.
  2. Peat This material differs in that it loosens the clay soil, and also binds sandy. Black color allows you to create the optimum temperature in the earth cover.
  3. Conifer needles. Conifer needles are often used for mulching strawberries and strawberries. Such a protective layer helps the fruit to remain clean after rain and prevents the spread of rot.
  4. Mowed grass. Like sawdust and other materials, it is possible to mulch the soil with mowed grass and straw. However, it is important here that there are no weed seeds.
  5. Dead manure. In this case, the rotted manure is best mixed with the top layer of soil.

As you can see, the land can be mulched with various materials of organic origin: sawdust, peat, needles, and so on.

Black film and compost

If you decide to mulch the land not with sawdust or peat, but with black film, then you should know that in this case the need for nutrients in the plant will decrease by a third. It is necessary to fertilize and feed the earth before the film is installed.

A transparent film does not stop the growth of weeds, so it is better to choose the black version or cauldron (for cabbage, tomatoes).

Beds with black filmBlack film increases the average soil temperature by almost 2 degrees. Therefore, in spring it is necessary to cover the ground in the evening and open it for a day so that it warms up. In addition, the black film retains moisture, maintaining the same level of humidity. Young trees and shrubs with black film better take root in a new place.

An excellent means of dark film will be in the fight against insects, and will also protect against the penetration of rodents.

As for the compost, it is more suitable for fertilizer. As a mulching composition, it protects the earth from overheating and hypothermia.

The process of mulching

If you have wondered when it is best to mulch the soil, the answer is simple - in May. In this case, we are talking about the very first process in the year. Further, the mulch can be poured as needed. Mulching is also very important in the fall when the earth is saturated with moisture.

Soil preparation for mulchingBefore you carry out the process itself, land cover must be prepared. To do this, remove the weeds, old leaves and, if possible, level the ground. If the soil is solid enough, then it can be loosened. The next stage is the use of complex fertilizer. It is inserted and pressed into the ground with a pitchfork or rake.

Now you can use mulch, sprinkling earth with sawdust, peat or something else in a layer of 2-4 cm.

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  • How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

    How to and for what to conduct soil mulching

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