How to deal with duodenal ulcer?
A duodenal ulcer is a widespread pathology of the digestive tract that affects the intestinal mucosa. As a rule, the pathology develops against the background of inflammatory processes localized in the area of the duodenum and contributes to the formation of scar tissue. What are the symptoms and treatment of peptic ulcer?
A gastric and duodenal ulcer is a chronic affliction, with frequent recurrences. According to statistics, about 5% of citizens are subject to this pathology (most often, peptic ulcer affects the stronger sex).
Duodenal ulcer is one of the varieties of this pathology. It is characteristic of her that ulcerative lesions affect the initial part of the duodenal ampoule at the exit from the gatekeeper sector.
According to the international classification, the following types of duodenal ulcer are distinguished:
- not bleeding;
- with a breakthrough;
- without perforation.
Peptic ulcer progresses rapidly and gives the patient a considerable amount of torment. Therefore, it is important to know how to diagnose this ailment in a timely manner, and in what ways it can be dealt with.
What arises from?
The causes of gastrointestinal ulcer can be many. According to experts, duodenal ulcer develops under the influence of such factors:
- increased acidity, which have an aggressive effect on the intestinal mucosa;
- the infectious bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which affects the digestive organs;
- excessive alcohol abuse;
- irregular, abnormal, unbalanced diet;
- frequent fasting and sitting on strict diets;
- abuse of food, contributing to an increase in acidity;
- chronic gastritis;
- psycho-emotional overstrain;
- long-term and uncontrolled intake of certain medications (nonsteroidal drugs, glucocorticosteroids, etc.);
- atrophy of the gastric pylorus;
- immune disorders;
- failure to comply with hygiene standards;
- traumatic injuries of the duodenum.
In addition, some experts indicate the presence of a genetic susceptibility of the patient to the development of an ulcer. However, exactly this theory has not been confirmed to date. It is also believed that the duodenal ulcer is the most susceptible to patients with the first positive blood group.
Symptomatic manifestations of ulcers
The ulcer rarely proceeds in a latent, latent form. According to the doctors, in most cases, duodenal ulcer symptoms have the following:
- painful attacks in the abdomen and hypochondria, aggravated, as a rule, after eating food;
- manifestations of heartburn;
- bouts of vomiting;
- appetite disturbance (the patient may have an excessively increased appetite, periodically alternating with a feeling of complete disgust for food);
- flatulence, bloating;
- stomach upset;
- general weakness, malaise;
- appearance in the language of a specific bloom of yellowish color.
With the exacerbation of the pathological process, all the above clinical signs of an ulcer are enhanced and appear more clearly. When they are detected, it is urgently necessary to seek help from a qualified specialist who will tell you how to treat a duodenal ulcer in a particular case. The lack of proper, timely treatment is fraught with the development of serious complications that threaten not only the state of health, but also the life of the patient!
What is a dangerous peptic ulcer?
The long course of duodenal ulcer contributes to the development of a number of pathologies affecting the gastrointestinal tract.According to experts, the disease significantly increases the risk of the formation of malignant tumors in the gastrointestinal tract.
In addition, duodenal ulcers, in the absence of timely, adequate treatment, can provoke the development of the following extremely dangerous complications:
- Gastric perforation- the penetration of the contents of the duodenum into the peritoneal cavity. This condition is accompanied by severe intoxication and can lead to painful shock.
- Internal bleeding from the affected duodenum- This is an extremely dangerous condition that often leads to the death of the patient.
- Penetration- destruction of the intestinal walls, in which the infectious process affects the adjacent internal organs: stomach, liver, pancreas, etc. Pathology is accompanied by a severe fever.
Doctors distinguish a number of alarming symptoms, which may be accompanied by an exacerbation of gastric and duodenal ulcers with the development of characteristic associated complications:
- bouts of vomiting;
- heart palpitations (tachycardia);
- appearance of bloody impurities in emetic and fecal masses;
- excessive sweating;
- lowering blood pressure;
- acute stomach pain;
- signs of general intoxication.
If you find at least some of the above clinical signs, you should immediately call an ambulance. Before the arrival of the medics, it is important to provide the patient with absolute peace, not to give any food, drink or medication! Failure to follow these recommendations can be fatal!
Treatment of duodenal ulcer is appointed by a specialist only after a preliminary comprehensive diagnosis! In order to make a diagnosis, determine the type of peptic ulcer and the extent of the lesion, the following types of studies are assigned to patients:
- endoscopic examination;
- conducting special tests to identify Helicobacter pylori;
- X-ray examination;
- laboratory analysis of blood, vomiting and feces;
- taking a biopsy.
Of great importance in the diagnosis of peptic ulcer also plays a method of palpation, analysis of symptoms and the results of the collected history!
In case of duodenal ulcers, treatment should be aimed at eliminating the painful symptoms, preventing further progression of the pathological process and the development of related complications. The tactics of treatment depends on the stage of the disease and the severity of the patient's condition.
To combat duodenal ulceration, the following therapies are used:
- Medical course- appointed when detecting the pathogenic bacteria Helicobacter pylori. The treatment is carried out with antibacterial, antibiotic drugs. Also, patients are prescribed antisecretory agents, the action of which is aimed at restoring the normal indices of the acid-base balance of the stomach. In addition, anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, and sedative drugs can be recommended as a symptomatic treatment for patients. All drugs are prescribed by the doctor individually.The doctor also sets the optimal dosage and duration of therapy.
- Surgical intervention- assigned to patients only in particularly difficult, neglected cases with the development of related complications.
Among the main indications for the operation are the following factors:
- internal bleeding;
- suspected malignant degeneration of the ulcer;
- lack of effectiveness of methods of conservative therapy.
Diet for duodenal ulcer is of great importance, contributes to the recovery of the patient and significantly increases the effectiveness of the ongoing therapeutic course.
Food for ulcers of the duodenum includes such products:
- boiled eggs;
- lean meat;
- low-fat dairy products;
- pureed soups;
- liquid paps.
Prohibited products for duodenal ulcer following:
- smoked dishes;
- fatty and fried foods;
- alcoholic drinks;
- strong meat broth;
- spicy food;
- citrus fruit;
- baking and bakery products;
- coffee drinks.
Can a duodenal ulcer be cured with traditional medicine? It will not be possible to get rid of the disease with folk recipes alone, however, you may well use such tools as an integral part of complex therapy, after prior consultation with the doctor.
Popular treatment allows the use of such recipes:
- Combine an equal amount of honey, olive oil and lemon juice (from 2 pcs.). Mix thoroughly. Use the medicine on a tablespoon, 3 times during the day, before eating.
- Plantain seeds (20 grams) need to pour a glass of boiling water, and then insist about half an hour. Take an infusion of a tablespoon, three times during the day, half an hour before meals.
- Calendula (50 grams) add to t3 liters of birch sap, boil for 10 minutes. Strain, cool, add a couple of spoons of honey. Drink half or half a glass of tea, twice a day.
A duodenal ulcer is a dangerous disease that threatens the development of a number of serious complications.Timely, comprehensive treatment allows you to achieve positive results in the fight against peptic ulcer and avoid the need for surgery.