How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

Home hybrid transplant

Calamondin leavesFor good growth, the plant is transplanted into a permanent pot of larger diameter. For citrofortunella you need a spacious container, as the root system is quite developed. The soil can be purchased at specialized flower shops. For plants suitable turf soil with a drainage device. Purchase soil is mixed with sand and rotted manure in the ratio of 2: 1: 1. At the bottom of the stack drainage up to 3 cm, poured the soil. Calamondin in a temporary pot is thoroughly moistened, together with the roots and the ground taken out and transferred to the prepared soil. Cover the roots with soil, slightly compacted at the base of the trunk.

The ideal time for a transplant is February, March. Transplantation is done annually, increasing the diameter of the pot, depending on the degree of growth of the flower.

Calamondin does not like direct sunlight. Therefore, you should choose a place that daylight was scattered.The ideal place is the north window where the sunlight does not fall during the day.

Caring for citrofortunella

Citrofortunella in an orange potCaring for Calamondin requires daily, but simple enough. The optimum temperature for indoor mandarin in the summer is 22-25 ° C, in the winter 15-18 C. In the summer, calamondin is put on a balcony, in winter the plant is based on a window sill. All year round the flower provide full diffused light without direct sunlight. The following events are held daily:

  1. Rotate the pot 1-2 degrees around the axis so that the crown is uniform and beautiful.
  2. Spray the crown of the spray. Water should be clean without impurities and chlorine.
  3. Summer requires daily watering with warm water, in winter, as the topsoil dries.

1-2 times a month the soil in the pot is fertilized with water-soluble fertilizers. For this purpose, special fertilizers are suitable for citrus fruits (see photo):

  • Spring effect;
    Citrus Fertilizers

    Citrus Fertilizers

  • The effect is autumn;
  • Planet of flowers;
  • Ripen-ka s-04;
  • Flower happiness;
  • Garden of Wonders-Lemon;
  • Garden of Miracles-Rainbow.

Nutrients are important not only for the roots, but also for the aerial parts of the plant.Therefore, the fertilizer dissolved in water should be sprayed onto the crown with a spray bottle.

The plant can get sick from a lack of minerals, nutrients, a strong draft, insufficient drainage of the soil and stagnant moisture, extreme heat, watering with cold water.
Citrofortunella is often exposed to the invasion of spider mites, aphids, whiteflies. Care and treatment consists in spraying with special preparations that can be bought in stores for summer residents and gardeners.

Reproduction and formation of home mandarin

Calamondin stemsThe reproduction of home mandarin occurs by seed and grafting. Prizhivaemost cuttings at home is low, reproduction in this way requires feeding phytohormones. Seed germination is good, but the growing process takes a long time.

For cuttings choose healthy stems with 4-5 developed leaves of dark green color. The cut is made in spring, the cutting is placed in a solution of indolyl butyric acid (25 mg per 0.5 l of water). Keep in solution for 16 hours. Planted in a container with soil. To do this, prepare a mixture of sand, manure and earth in proportions of 1: 1: 2. The stalk is deepened by 5-7 cm, watered, covered with a glass jar. The first watering light pink solution of potassium permanganate.

For the survival of cuttings, it is important to keep warm, protect from drafts.
After 2-3 weeks, the cutting will take root and please the first leaves. For better rooting in the home, it is recommended to use phytohormones.
Seeding cuttings calamondin in pots

Seeding cuttings calamondin in pots

For growing from seed at home requires a long time. Seeds are chosen from fresh, dried fruits, as they quickly lose their germination. Sit in a mixture of peat, river sand and fertile land. Deepen the seeds by 1 cm, watered, covered with glass. Heat is important for seed germination 25-28 C. After 30-40 days sprouts appear. After the emergence of the second pair of adult leaves sprouts are planted in pots (see photo).

Citrus FruitsFor the formation of the crown and enhance the main shoots of the plant is important pruning. The crown is spherical, the trunk is free from shoots and leaves. Pruning is carried out in the spring, removing new shoots.

Bright plant, uplifting, will be a real decoration of the winter window sill in the apartment or house, if you provide him with the daily proper care.

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  • How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

    How to grow Calamondin and care for him at home

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