How to grow Lisianthus at home or in the garden (photo and video care tips)
Plant in everyday life
Due to her unusual appearance, she quickly gained popularity, as among flower growers, she likesfirs and professionals. Applying the right care, you can get a very beautiful flower that will become a real decoration of your flower bed or shelf in the apartment.
In addition, the unusual shade of eustoma foliage will also allow you to decorate your home, even in the absence of flowers that appear long after planting with seeds.
In practice, there are about 10 species of plants:
- grandiflora- the most popular for growing house;
As mentioned above, the inflorescences are usually blue and have smooth edges, but in the process of selection pink and white eustomas were artificially obtained, as well as a terry species with fringed edges of flowers.
If you are going to plant a seed, first you need to pick up the material for planting. The problem is that the seeds are very small in size - one gram contains up to ten thousand pieces.
At home, the greatest impactIt has planting seeds in a special capsule consisting of fertilizer and nutrient material - in addition to the initial feeding, it also allows you to accurately determine the location and number of planted plants.
It is also important to select the appropriate soil in which cultivation will have maximum efficiency. It is best to use light soil types based on peat, with a low sand content. Seeds also require additional feeding, which at home is most often created from a mixture of crushed charcoal and steamed moss.
However, if you do not want or do not have the opportunity to create the soil yourself, you can purchase a ready-made substrate - you are well suited for the mixture of Saintpaulia, but in this case it is desirable to grow on peat tablets.
At the end of the preparatoryAbout the stage you will need to decide - whether you will plant this beautiful flower in a pot and grow it at home, or to plant seeds in open ground.
The second option is rarely used in our country with the exception of the southern regions, where the cultivation of Lisianthus is very often carried out right in the street flower beds. Depending on the choice of planting eustoma, growing from seeds will have certain features.
The process starts in mid-February. To do this, choose a ceramic pot of medium size, which I fill with the substrate 1-2 centimeters below the upper edge. Under the soil layer is laid a large amount of drainage, which will effectively drain the excess volume of fluid.
In the training videos you can also see that the drainage of expanded clay is placed on the surface under the plant, but this solution is rather decorative, since this material should not restrict the access of the root system to the air in any conditions.
When the earth is fully prepared, three or four capsules with seeds are placed in it at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, after which the pot is covered with glass or transparent film. For seeds, special care is needed - the temperature in the process of germination should vary between 20-25 degrees.
After 10-12 days, the cultivation will bring its first fruits - sprouts will appear from the seeds. If their number is less than expected, do not worry - sometimes eustoma can be delayed in development for several days due to adverse conditions. Watering is done 1-2 times a day - the land should not be over-dried, but you should not over-wet it.
A few days later, when the sprouts have gotten a little stronger, care will need to be changed a little. In the daytime, you should remove the glass or film, allowing you to fill the soil with oxygen and adapt the plants to environmental conditions.
In the photo you can see that the young shoots of eustoma will still be small in size for a long time, but when they reach the age of two months, when the length of sprouts exceeds 3 cm, they need to be dived into peat pots.
If you used seed capsules, then the picking is done individually, but in the case when the cultivation was done using small uncovered seeds, the procedure will have to be performed with a group of sprouts that will be placed in separate pots.
Further care is quite simple - at home the pots should be placed in a cool shade with a temperature not higher than 18 degrees. When plants reach 10 cm in height, they will need to be transplanted into individual pots with a diameter of up to 15 cm.
After that, the pots are placed in a well-ventilated warm room, avoiding direct sunlight on the flower. If you provide good care for eustome, the first inflorescences will bloom in late July - early August.
In case you want eustoma to grow in your flowerbed or garden, you cannot do without a mini-greenhouse.
Planting seeds in the ground in this case is carried out in early April, using all precautions.. It is best to apply a substrate pre-warmed to 22-24 degrees, the layer thickness of which should be at least 2 cm. Planting should be done in a place with an average degree of illumination - the leaves should receive enough sunlight, but should not be exposed to strong direct rays .
In addition, planting in the ground can be made in the middle of May in the form of seedlings from pots, but in this case it is necessary to take very great care to preserve the entire root system. Subsequent care is fully consistent with growing the house except for the need for transplanting.
Obtained from seed plants open in early June, after which the withdrawal is limited to watering and mineral dressing in case of wilting leaves.
The first inflorescences will appear in late summer-early autumn, and will delight you with extraordinary beauty, fully corresponding to their photos in their natural habitat.
However, unfortunately, even in the southern regions of our country, eustoma in the open field is grown exclusively as an annual flower - it dies when the temperature drops below 12-14 degrees.