International Day of Refusal
The full name of today's holiday is the International Day of Refuer from Conscientious Belief Service (eng. The International Conscientious Objectors' Day). Refusers are those people who, for moral or religious reasons, refuse to take part in armed conflicts or join the army.
This Day was established at the first international meeting of otkazhnikov from military service in Copenhagen in 1981. And on May 15, 1997, the German federal parliament, the Bundestag, issued a resolution on the rehabilitation of those persecuted by the Nazi military justice for refusing to serve on personal convictions and for desertion for the same reasons. To better understand the ideology of this date, we turn to the time of World War II. Nazi military justice practiced brutal persecution of those who did not want to participate in hostilities on the side of the German army and considered the actions of the Nazis a crime. As a result, the "deserters" were sentenced to more than 30 thousand death sentences, 25 thousand of them were carried out.In the May 1997 resolution, the Bundestag recognized that the sentences of the Nazi military courts were unfair and did not correspond to the values of the modern rule of law. “The Second World War was a war of aggression and extermination, a crime committed by Nazi Germany,” the document says.
However, the problem of conscientious objection to military service also exists in modern society. In many countries of the world today, for such people, the practice of replacing military service with alternative civilian work is practiced, but in some states, the right of refusal does not have this right. Therefore, today's date is intended to draw the attention of the world community to the problems of conscientious objectors to honor and to honor the memory of all those who died as part of the persecution for conscientious objection and desertion.