Is it possible to overhaul the apartment yourself
Should I be afraid of major repairs? Think about it, because the same people perform it, only they clearly know how to do it. Means, and to you repair work will be feasible. Listen to the advice of the masters - and everything will turn out.
What you need to know about the repair
The first is that repairs are necessary. Scientists in the course of many years of experiments and observations came to the conclusion that a person cannot stay in a room for a long time that has not been repaired for a long time. Because the type of destructive changes in living rooms causes stress, mental disorder, reduces performance, interferes with living and positively perceive the environment. And the cracks, the cracks from which it blows, the mold and the microbes that have settled in the walls lead to diseases.
The second is that repairs can be different in duration, cash and physical investments: capital or cosmetic.
If you decide to change the wallpaper, flooring, baseboards, something to tint or refresh - this is a cosmetic repair.It is usually made every five years. He won't hit the wallet so hard.
But your desire to drastically change an apartment, for example, to make a studio from a kitchen and a room, change the wiring, doors, plumbing, level the walls and cover them with Venetian plaster, will require capital investments. Such repair is needed in twenty years.
Of course, you can invite experts and they will do everything themselves. Yes, only the cost of services in two or three times the cost of materials. That is, everything that you bought to repair the room, multiply by two or three - this will be the amount that you will need to pay for construction services. Now I understand how to make repairs yourself? Of course, without certain skills to quickly complete the work will not work, but this is the only negative.
Where is most often needed overhaul? First of all, in new buildings and very old apartments, requiring replacement of wiring, pipes, windows and doors. When buying such apartments it is better to immediately perform the necessary work. In other cases, you can do cosmetic repairs.
How to start overhaul
1. First of all, transfer your desire to paper.Make a plan with the dimensions of what is - walls, communications, sockets and switches, doors, windows, plumbing, water connections. Then draw a plan, how the apartment should look like, where the main structures will be located, how the wiring will go, water pipes - in general, everything is fine. Know that it is necessary to coordinate the repair, which will affect the demolition of the walls and the unification of the premises, in the sanitary station, fire service, housing office, BTI. Then you need to collect a package of documents for redevelopment, get the conclusion of the expert committee on the technical condition of the apartment, order a project that only a licensed organization can do. And only after that you can begin redevelopment.
2. Make a list of the necessary building materials and tools. Before you do an overhaul of an apartment, do not forget to take into account the necessary number of garbage bags, gloves, goggles, respirators, clothes, films to protect the finished objects. Consider the consumption of materials in rooms, it will be easier, do not miss anything and you will not buy more.
3. Free the room or part of it.Remove bulky things, they can be moved to the center, cover with a building film to protect them from dust and mortar. Agree on the removal of unnecessary furniture, construction waste.
4. Warn neighbors about the temporary inconvenience that they will have to suffer. By the way, maybe one of the neighbors will be very useful to you: he will give professional advice, share tools, temporarily take some things, and even shelter for the period of the dismantling of the water supply.
5. Replace the windows and the front door if necessary, but it is better to have the installers do it so that you are not deprived of the warranty.
Phased overhaul of the apartment with their own hands
Any repairs begin with communications and upper areas, such as the ceiling, and gradually move down. That is, first the wires, pipes, ceiling, walls, only then the floor.
Imagine: if you make the floor, and then you repair the walls, the flooring may suffer. And painting the ceiling will definitely leave marks on the walls, there will be drops, even if you work with a roller.
CouncilBe sure to turn off the dispensers at the meter before dismantling, turn off the water so as not to flood the neighbors, close the gas valve.
Stage number 1
To make a new, you need to remove the old - this is known to all. So, we start the repair with dismantling. We do not grab at all at once - we make major repairs in each room gradually.
We remove the chandeliers, remove the old wiring: we broach the wiring locations, we connect new ones, calculating the load on each point and the entire system. We change switches, sockets.
We start work with the most difficult places - the kitchen and the bathroom, because the repair there is the most painstaking.
Stage number 2
First, dismantle the sink in the kitchen, carefully unscrew the taps, pre-blocking the common faucet. Remove the door from the hinges, remove the old loot. We change pipes, we prepare for new connection. We disassemble, observing safety precautions, an interior partition that is not carrying, we combine the kitchen with the living room.
Stage number 3
We are dismantling the partition between the toilet and the bathroom, making the common room. Dismantle the bathroom, toilet, sink, old pipeline. We change old pipes for durable plastic. Remove the tile from the walls. If the floor is even and without flaws - leave, but we dismantle the baseboard.
Stage number 4
It is very important to level the walls in the bathroom, the type of lining will depend on it. We putty the ceiling and paint it with a water emulsion.Align the walls, carefully sealing up all the cracks and crevices, revet with new tiles.
We lay a warm floor on a flat old tiled flooring. Now you can install a shower, toilet, washbasin, connect a washing machine.
Stage number 5
In the kitchen we dismantle the old flooring, trying not to get hurt, we remove the apron. We update the ceiling, align the walls, cover the place at the sink and the cutting table with tiles that will protect the wall from water and steam.
We level the floor with a special solution, giving it time to settle. We paint the walls, we lay the laminate, not forgetting about the substrate. Connect the sink. At the time of the works, the gas oven is covered or dismantled, and then the customer service makes a new connection.
Stage number 6
In the room, which is now combined with the kitchen, we dismantle the doors and the floor. We start the preparation of the room for finishing with plaster of the ceiling and walls. If necessary, we install sound-proof panels.
Install the new door on the foam. Only after the door is well fixed, it will take at least a day, we will plaster around the loot. After finishing the preparatory work we glue the wallpaper,then we lay a new floor and fasten the baseboards. You can fix chandeliers and sconces.
CouncilRemember to wear gloves and a respirator when handling chemicals. When painting, glue the mounting tape to protect the adjacent surface.
Stage number 7
We remove the old flooring in the hallway, fill the floor with a self-leveling mortar, give time to it.
We repair the ceiling, repairing the cracks and cracks. We level the walls, we pass well with a primer, because the room is continuous, there can be dampness from the street. We lay new floors, laying them on a soft substrate. Now you can cover the walls with wallpaper or other facing material, such as cork panels.
As you can see, a major overhaul, though troublesome, is expensive, but your health and psychological comfort are more expensive. And if you make repairs yourself, you will also save a lot by reducing the cost several times.