Mystery of the Chinese mummy

Mystery of the Chinese mummy

Xin Zhui, and she was the wife of the imperial governor of Changsha district during the Han dynasty.

Perhaps her name would have sunk into oblivion if it had not been mummified after death. The body of this Chinese woman miraculously survived 2100 years after her death, and today scientists are puzzling over the mystery of the mummy Lady Dai.

Impressive do not enter, under the cat MUM.

China, the hill Navandui in the province of Hunan. Here in 1992, the Chinese army conducted large-scale military exercises. In one of the hills, the sappers dug a tunnel and unexpectedly stumbled upon a mysterious structure. At the 12-meter depth there was a tomb in the form of an inverted pyramid. It found 4 sarcophagus, neatly nested in each other.

In one of them lay the mummy of a woman wrapped in silk. Her body was not like the ancient Egyptian or Peruvian mummies. It was mothballed in a completely unusual way.

Opening the mysterious mummy gave amazing results - the body weighed 35 kg., The joints retained mobility, and the muscles did not lose their elasticity, even the skin retained its natural tone.

Mummies of people or animals are dead bodies whose skin and organs have been saved accidentally or intentionally. Decomposition of tissues can be prevented by lack of air, low humidity, high or low temperature, or exposure to chemicals. This means that the body does not decompose until it is stored in a dry and cool place. Mummies have been discovered on all continents. For example, in Egypt, there are more than a million animal mummies, mostly cats.

In ancient Egypt, when Pharaoh was dying, it was believed that he simply goes into the afterlife and turns into one of several gods worshiped by people at that time. The Egyptians used the mummification process to preserve the bodies and prevent their decomposition. Deliberate mummification was first recorded during the time of the 2nd dynasty, i.e. in 3400 BC. Soon it became an integral part of the Egyptian funeral ritual (of course, not for everyone). Sometimes it took up to 70 days to embalm a body correctly.

In Asia, however, mummies are saved only by chance, because people were buried in the “right place”, where the environment itself acted as a means to preserve the body.Therefore, Asian mummies are most often found in the desert regions of Iran and the Tarim Basin. Mummies are also found in the more humid Asian climate, but they are very difficult to restore, as the bodies very quickly decay after they are taken out of their graves due to the conditions of the warm and humid climate to which they are suddenly exposed.

Mawandui is an archaeological site in Changsha (Hunan Province, PRC), widely known for its unique finds. In addition to the bodies of three people, there were found:

1. silk burial banners: a well-preserved painting provides rich material for studying the cosmology of the kingdom of Chu;

2. silk cards; 3. 28 treatises on astronomy, history, medicine and other sciences, as well as the oldest known copies of the Strategies of the Fighting Kingdoms, I-Ching and the Tao Te Ching.

The three bodies found are: the body of Marquis Dai, his wife Xin Zhui, and, presumably, their son. Books were found in the third of the graves, refer to 168 BC. er Many of them were known only by name, and a number of others (as, for example, the comments on I-ching, attributed to Confucius) were completely unknown.For inscriptions on silk, vertical lines are typical.

Of particular interest from the three bodies is the body of Xin Zhui. It was found that it was a wealthy Chinese matron from the Han dynasty, who died around 160 BC. er about 50 years old. Her mummy is one of the best preserved since antiquity. The tomb of Xin Zhui was arranged in the form of an inverted pyramid and was located 12 meters underground.

Her body was wrapped in silk and placed in four decorated sarcophagus with a dense skin. Her body was not like the ancient Egyptian or Peruvian mummies. It was mothballed in a completely unusual way. Mummy swam in 80 liters of yellowish liquid. 5 minutes after the discovery of the mysterious crypt, this substance literally evaporated, there was no trace of it left.

These measures hindered access to the body of air, moisture and bacteria, thereby slowing down the decomposition process. The grave was filled with 5 tons of coal and a meter-thick layer of clay. Above the soil level was laid a 15-meter mound.

In the other world, Xin Zhui was accompanied by up to a thousand items, most of which were designed to serve her daily needs. On 30 bamboo dishes, food was laid out, along with recipes of the deceased's favorite dishes.Dozens of books on medicine were discovered in the Xin Zhui sarcophagus. They described, to the smallest details, the most complicated operations to increase the brain, transplant and heart bypass. In ancient China, they knew about the medicine of the future.

Another find that struck archaeologists is the Xin Zhui blanket. On a piece of silk, measuring about meter by meter, a map was drawn. It contains the territories of three Chinese provinces on a scale of 1: 180,000. The map looked as if it had been compiled from photographs from a near-earth orbit. The silk map was compared with modern images of Chinese territories made by NASA satellites. Incredible accuracy struck the American scientists. Not a single mistake!

At the autopsy, blood was found in the veins of the deceased, the internal organs were preserved as if death had occurred only a few weeks ago. The joints retain the ability to move, the skin - elasticity.

The study of the mummy confirmed that the aristocrats of ancient China were not the most healthy lifestyle: they ate a lot of fatty foods, moved a little, resulting in overweight and narrowed coronary arteries.

An estimated lifetime weight is 120–140 kg with a height of 150–152 cm. Xin Zhui had problems with the spine, and tapeworms were found in the intestines.

Unusual embalming of the body, which allowed him to continue in this way, books on medicine, cover-map - how to explain so deep knowledge of ancient Chinese in medicine and topography? Why this knowledge is not preserved?

More than 30 years have passed, and the secrets of the mysterious Xin Zhuy sarcophagus have not yet been revealed.

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  • Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy

    Mystery of the Chinese mummy