On this day, the last ships of the White Fleet left Russia.
The original is taken from on this day the last ships of the White Fleet left Russia
The ships of the White Fleet, which carried many thousands of military and refugees to obscurity, came out calmly and without shelling. In Sevastopol, Wrangel finally even went ashore, took some land with him and kissed the rocks goodbye.
The exodus of the Russian army, General Wrangel, beyond the borders of the Motherland is officially considered to be the time of the end of the Civil War in southern Russia.
Back in the days of Perekop’s storming, when it became clear with frightening evidence that it would not be possible to keep the Crimea, Wrangel ordered that ships be prepared in Sevastopol, Feodosia, Yalta, Kerch, and Evpatoria. Initially it was supposed to evacuate about 70 - 75 thousand people.
A.V. Krivoshein, P.N. Wrangel and P.N. Shatilov. Crimea. 1920
On the evening of November 13, 1920, the last meeting of the government of the South of Russia was held. The next day, loading began on the ships of civil and military institutions.The evacuation took place in an orderly and relatively calm manner.
The order was supported by specially organized teams, consisting mainly of junkers and Cossacks. For the evacuation were involved all the available ships Wrangel capable of crossing the sea. Some people also loaded onto foreign ships - French, British, American, so the paintings of the stampede of the White Guards from the Crimea, in particular, from Sevastopol, shown by Soviet cinema, have little in common with reality.
General Wrangel managed to evacuate almost everyone from the peninsula — more than 145 thousand people (of which about 5,000 were wounded and sick).
Up to 15 thousand Cossacks, 12 thousand officers, 4-5 thousand soldiers of regular units, more than 30 thousand officers and officers of rear units, 10 thousand cadets and more than 100 thousand civilians were taken out of the country. Alas, they would all be very useful to Russia ... but if they had remained, they would most likely have been drowned in barges during forced expulsion or would have been shot.