Patterns for embroidery, what are they, and how to learn to embroider a pattern?
Patterns for embroidery
We will conditionally divide embroidery patterns into several types. Patterns for embroidery vary by:
Cross stitch patterns with symbols and signs:
- black-and-white sign scheme for embroidery (in the example, the scheme for cross-stitch "Girl");
- color scheme for cross-stitch (in the example, the scheme for embroidery "Rooster")
- colored sign schemes for cross-stitch (in the example, the scheme for embroidery "Landscape");
It is better to start a cross-stitch for beginners with color sign schemes, or black-and-white symbol schemes. Color schemes for embroidery can be downloaded for free, however, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish them due to poor quality of execution, it will be difficult to count the squares on the lining, the paint will merge, the eyes will quickly get tired. Such an embroidery pattern will cause only irritation.
By the size of the schemes:
- small patterns for embroidery (up to 10x15 cm);
- medium embroidery patterns (up to 20x30 cm);
- large patterns for embroidery (from 30x40 cm);
The “craftswoman” recommends that beginners begin to embroider a small pattern with a cross, which will take you a couple of days to make sure that cross-stitch is a favorite activity. In any case, the scheme should hook you up, set a goal and motivate for long embroidery evenings, and not cause a feeling of intolerance.
By cross stitch complexity:
- simple patterns for cross-stitch with one element: the scheme of embroidery of an animal, the scheme of embroidery of a flower, a bird, a little man; (in the example, the scheme for embroidery "Bambi Deer")
- medium light patterns with a small plot (a house, a couple of animals, flowers, a still life) (in the example, a pair of wolves for beadwork);
- complex cross stitch patterns, which are completely filled with crosses, with a background, multiple trifles and a complex plot. (in the example, the scheme for embroidery "Tiger")
Patterns for cross stitch differ in the number of floss and colors:
- small cross stitch patterns include up to 10 colors;
- medium patterns contain from 11 to 20 colors;
- Complex cross stitch patterns contain more than 20 colors in the floss palette.
Before choosing a scheme for embroidery, look at its color palette, it will be easier to embroider a work without half tones, but if your scheme has a lot of similar shades, you will not have to easily embroider such work, but it will turn out to be the most naturalistic.
By the number of stitches, the patterns for embroidery are distributed as follows:
Embroidery pattern for beginners must contain one or two types of stitches, otherwise the work may lead to a loss of interest.
The difference schemes for embroidery on the density of the thread:
- embroidery with one density of the addition of the thread the whole scheme;
- embroidering the plot and the background of the pattern with different thread weights;
- embroidering the background of the pattern and the individual elements in the picture by different additions of the floss;
In the ready-made sets of embroidery, the developers indicate the number of floss to be embroidered. For example, a landscape with a background of a semi-cross is one thread, the main pattern is 2 threads, and the backstitch is 1 thread.
Embroidery in several threads makes the work more voluminous, with one thread less voluminous, allowing you to play with a picture.
Types of embroidery:
- embroidery ribbons;
- satin stitch;
- bulk embroidery.
We recommend that beginners start with simpler types of embroidery, try cross-stitch,beadwork and bulk embroidery. Sometimes different types of embroidery are combined in one work, for example, cross-stitch is complemented with beadwork.
By mixing different threads in the addition of floss:
- embroidery in one color;
- embroidery with a mix of several colors.
In the ready-made sets for embroidery, they bluntly indicate which shades of threads to mix, so that the semitones are more clearly traced, so that the transition from one color to another is smoother.
By type of material schemes for embroidery are divided into:
- paper cross stitch patterns;
- the scheme drawn on the canvas for embroidery;
- magazine with color cross stitch patterns.
Paper schemes are the most common, they are in ready-made embroidery kits, and are also available on the Internet in various subject forums, the schemes are also copyrighted. Paper schemes are good because you can embroider one and the same pattern several times.
The scheme applied to the canvas is convenient because the embroiderer does not need to look at the paper scheme; it is worthwhile to circle the drawing on the canvas. But impractical in the sense that two times one picture can not be embroidered, as well as such a scheme
it is impossible to wet, otherwise the picture may wash out.
Single cross stitch patterns are inexpensive and easy to use, unlike a magazine. There are also magazines with patterns for embroidery, they are more economical, as they contain several schemes, but are not quite convenient to use.