Photos of Moscow 1920s
The author got into the hands of the magnificent Moscow photo album of the 1920s, which was published in Germany. The album contains rare and unique photos that were shot by a foreign photographer. I suggest you look at the most interesting pictures from this book. I guarantee, inside the post will be very interesting!
View of the Moscow River, the Kremlin and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior from the Bolshoy Moskvoretsky Bridge.
View of winter Moscow from Sparrow Hills.
Note that before the construction of locks, reservoirs and waterworks, the level of the Moskva River varied greatly depending on the season. In winter and in hot summer, for example, it could go down a lot, so that in some places it was possible to cross the river and on foot. But every spring was rising, sometimes going beyond the edges of the embankment.
View of the Kremlin from the Kremlin
In the foreground in the tent stands a monument to Alexander II the Liberator. For the lengthy galleries in the people, the monument was called a bowling alley.
In 1918, enthusiastic workers held a volunteer cleanup and dismantled the monument to the king. Even Lenin came to shabby the log this Saturday, which many beautiful illustrations have been preserved in children's books, the documentary chronicle was not so beautiful:
View of the Kremlin from the site of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior
I don’t even want to comment on this and the next photo. Just peer into the pre-revolutionary more details. How lanterns are made, embankments tram pillars. This urban culture flourished even more in the 1930s, but after the war everything went somewhere wrong and we came to what we now see on the streets, unlike in European cities, where this tradition was not interrupted.
And practically still pre-revolutionary in headdresses. Exit without a headdress - goof, and ugly somehow. Anyway, now walking around the city in the undershirt is an alcoholic.
View of the Kremlin and the corner Beklemishevskaya tower. Notice the tower is still bleached, and the Kremlin is as white as possible, because unpainted according to the old Russian tradition means disorder. And as the Red Bolsheviks came to power, they ordered the Kremlin to contain only red.
Please note that practically before the war, the whole Vasilyevsky slope was built up, and the old Moskovretsk bridge stands to the right, behind the scenes
Shabby white Kremlin and a cozy embankment with an alley
When everyone complains that, unlike any European city, there is no old city in Moscow, then boldly object that there is. The old city of Moscow is the Kremlin.This is the original area within the fortress wall, as in any other European city. As long as the authorities under Stalin finally did not close access to the Kremlin, it was a passage area - all the gates were open, it was possible to pass through any tower. And now the official entrance to the Kremlin, Kutafya-tower, was a through
But the lost treasure of the Kremlin. The Cathedral of the Savior on Bor, known since 1330 and demolished in 1933
The temple for many centuries, of course, was rebuilt, but it was considered the oldest building in Moscow, which, nevertheless, it did not save. In Moscow, there was a legend that Stalin, passing in a car past the temple and seeing the firewood piled on its walls, exclaimed: "Ugliness! Remove!" Specify what exactly was dissatisfied with the "father of nations" did not, and demolished the temple.
Immediately after Lenin's death, a cube was first quickly built, but already in the same 1924 it was replaced with a wooden step pyramid, which in turn was replaced by the stone mausoleum known to everyone in 1930. The palm tree on Red Square touches especially
And this is one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow, unfortunately completely destroyed - Lubyanka
One can see a narrow passage from Nikolskaya through the China-city wall with towers and the huge chapel of St. Panteleimon.Please note that for the convenience of pedestrians, pavement is broken by smooth paths. And in the background, right next to the wall, there is a beautiful Mosgorspravki kiosk, similar to a rocket.
Another masterpiece of the time of Peter the Great that did not reach us is the Sukharev Tower, which stood exactly in the middle of the Garden Ring on Sukharevskaya Square.
Passionate Square, called the Passionate Monastery, demolished in 1938. In 1950, a monument to Pushkin was moved to the place of the belfry, which until that time was exactly across the street on Tverskoy Boulevard. And in the foreground is also not preserved Temple of Dmitry Solunsky
Instead of Yuri Dolgoruky on the Tverskaya Square (then Soviet) in the 1920s, the obelisk of the Soviet constitution, he is a Soviet statue of liberty, stood.
The obelisk was made in haste, and by the end of the 1930s it was a pitiful sight, and the jokes also went: "Why do we have Freedom against the Moscow Council, because the Moscow Council is against freedom". One way or another, the cyclic monument was dismantled.
Tverskaya outpost and overpass. Pay attention to the Old Believer temple on the right. The place is hard to know, but the temple has survived and now huge glass office buildings are rising behind it on the square of the Belorussky railway station and Lesnaya street
In the foreground, the “scrapman” is barely dragged - by a freight driver, and against this background, the Avtopromtorg vehicle proudly seeks into the distance.
It's hard to believe, this is Triumphal Square ...
In the middle now stands the monument to Mayakovsky, the public garden is long gone, and the former circus of the Nikitin brothers (the 2nd State Circus after the circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard) was radically rebuilt after the war for the Satire Theater, although the dome in the middle of the gray box remained. The circular layout of rooms reminds of the former circus. Now the pedestrian Nikolskaya.
Even then, Moscow was a metropolis, but not as cyclopean as it is now, but for some reason there was more transport. Even on this one photo you can count about a dozen ground public transport units. And now? And whom did he disturb? At the same time, the pedestrian paths and the roadway are separately highlighted. Trams here need to recover:
HHS not yet demolished
And this, again, do not believe it, Tverskaya in the area of Kamergersky Lane.
All expanded and almost all demolished
Not yet extended Borodinsky bridge with elegant poles for tram lines
Old Moskvoretsky bridge with sharp ice axes on the supports. Ice drifts were common every spring, and it was necessary to protect bridges from large ice floes.
On the Moscow River life was in full swing
Have been fishing
In winter, ice was harvested for glaciers. Chunks of ice were put in storage in the cellar, filled with sawdust, and then sold all year until next winter. The ice was indispensable in the household, they were filled with glacier cabinets to maintain the low temperature inside. Until the era of refrigerators remains quite a bit. The business was considerable and profitable.
Washing in the very center of Moscow
They did not think about the architectural appearance, but technical progress then inspired many. We had to stretch the power lines, and stretched right in front of the Kremlin. Electrification of the entire country - the first thing!
Well, let's finish, perhaps, at Metropol, where asphalt is boiled, there is a ramp from the sidewalk, and there are ventilation mushrooms on the sidewalk, they served to bring fresh air into the sewer manholes.