Man sets records for fame, money, awards, and animals are forced to set records in order to survive. I offer you a selection of animal record holders.
The fastest animals:
The fastest land animal is a cheetah. The super-elastic spine and long legs allow it to accelerate in 2 seconds to 75 km / h, and in 3 to 110 km / h, which exceeds the acceleration of most sports cars. There is a case when a cheetah covered a distance of about 650 meters in 20 seconds, which corresponds to a speed of 120 km per hour. The absolute record speed cheetah - 128 km per hour. If the human record in the 100-meter race, set by the Jamaican Man of the Bolt, is 9.58 seconds, then the cheetah can run a hundred-meter distance in 3.5 seconds. In this case, the cheetah can maintain a high speed of not more than half a kilometer.
The second place in the speed of land animals belongs to the pronghorn (wilable antelope) living in North America. The speed of the fork is 98 km / h, while the fork can run at high speed for much longer than the cheetah.It is noteworthy that such skills of wilderness acquired in competition with the now extinct predator - the North American cheetah. In modern North America, there is no predator that could carry speed with a pronghorn.
The third place in speed among land animals belongs to the African wildebeest, which can reach speeds of over 80 km / h.
The fastest bird is the Peregrine Falcon. In a diving flight, the Sapsan reaches speeds of up to 440 km / h.
However, in horizontal flight faster than the Peregrine Falcon, the needletail (prickly-tailed) swift, which can reach a speed of 169 km / h.
The fastest fish is a sailboat that can reach a speed of 109 km / h.
The fastest marine mammal is the killer whale. She can sail at a speed of 55.5 km / h.
The fastest insect is the American cockroach, which in one second can run a distance 50 times longer than its own body. For a human sprinter, this would correspond to a speed of 330 km / h. For a cockroach, this is a speed of 5.4 km / h.
The strongest animals:
Power records belong to insects, because they can lift and carry weights that are tens of times their body weight.Hardest of all is the rhinoceros moth, which is capable of carrying a weight 850 times the weight of its body.
In the second place in terms of strength is an ant, which is able to carry on itself a weight 50 times greater than its body weight.
In third place is the hatchway spider, which is capable of carrying a weight that is 40 times greater than its body weight.
The best high jumpers among animals:
The best jumpers among land mammals are representatives of the cat family. A cheetah can jump to a height of 4.5 meters, and a cougar - by 4 meters.
The third place in the height of the jump among land mammals belongs to the kangaroo, which can jump 3 meters.
The record for the high jump among mammals belongs to the bottlenose dolphin, which jumps 6 meters up.
Of the fish, the keta jumps above all, which during migrations can jump over obstacles of 3.65 meters high.
However, the best jumper in the animal world is a flea, it can jump to a height of 34 cm, which is 150 times larger than the size of its body. It is like a man jumping to a height of 255 meters!
The best long jumpers among animals:
Next of all from land mammals is jumping kangaroos.The longest recorded kangaroo jump was 13 meters 63.6 centimeters.
In the second place in the long jump is the African black-footed impala. She is able to jump 12 meters in length.
The biggest animals:
The largest animal on the planet is the blue whale. His dina reaches 33 meters, and weight - up to 190 tons.
The largest land mammal is the African elephant, whose mass can reach up to 7 tons, and growth - up to 4 meters.
The largest land predator is the polar bear, which can reach a length of 3.5 meters and a mass of 1 ton (which is three times the mass of the largest lion or tiger).
The highest land animal of the planet is a giraffe. The largest giraffe was 5.86 meters tall.
The largest reptile is the crested crocodile, whose length reaches 7 meters, and its weight reaches one and a half tons.
The largest snake is the anaconda, which can reach a length of 11.5 meters.
The most long-lived animals:
The longest representative of the animal world is the sponge Xestospongia muta, which lives up to two thousand three hundred years.
The most long-lived mammal is the Greenlades whale, which can live up to 211 years.
The longest living land animal is the turtle.The Indian giant turtle Advaita has lived for 255 years.