The Beatles Era
44 years ago, The Beatles made their famous photo for the cover of the album Abbey Road.
For almost half a century, the legendary “Liverpool Four” has remained the most popular and respected group. The musicians, who had worked together for only 8 years, managed to record 13 full-fledged albums, and had a great influence on the development of music.
One of the most significant albums is the Abbey Road record. It was she who became the last joint project of all four members of the ensemble, concluding all the best that they managed to create during The Beatles. The cover on which the Beatles were photographed passing Abbey Road street was widely known. Photographer Ian Macmillan had ten minutes to take a picture: this section of the street was specifically blocked by the police, since already at that time Abby Road was one of the busiest in London. Macmillan filmed the group from the stairs and took six pictures, one of which was on the cover. Subsequently, she was recognized as one of the most recognizable covers in the world.
We have collected for you the most interesting facts about The Beatles and offer to see photos of the band that changed the world.
Cover abbey road
McCartney death theory
The cover gave a lot of food to those who developed the theory of "Paul McCartney is dead." According to her, Paul died in 1966, and was replaced by a double. At the same time, the remaining three members of the group inserted hints on the “truth” into the lyrics and covers. So it is here: Paul McCartney is barefoot for some reason (in some cultures it is customary to bury barefoot), he holds a cigarette in his right hand, not his left, although he is left-handed. Also it is in the direction of Paul that a car is driving that can be seen in the distance. According to theory, he died in a car accident.
Musicians in 1957
John Lennon is 16 years old, George Harrison and Paul McCartney are 15 years old
I must say that the relatives of the musicians at first were skeptical of their work. For example, John's aunt, Mimi, always repeated the phrase: “The guitar is a good instrument. However, it is not suitable for making money. ” Becoming rich, John bought his villa auntie, who had a marble wall with the above quotation.
None of the band members ever learned the basics of musical notation.
Champagne photo session, 1965
The appearance of The Beatles and the first contract
At the beginning of their existence, the musicians changed the name of the group more than once: Beatals, Silver Beats, Silver Beetles, Silver Beatles and, finally, The Beatles appeared in April 1960.According to the memoirs of the group, the authors of the neologism are Sutcliffe and Lennon, who were passionate about the idea of inventing a name that has simultaneously different meanings.
The beginning of a serious career The Beatles made to associate with the name of the group manager Brian Epstein. It was he who saw the potential in the group and arranged for them all possible auditions on record labels. Using his connections in the world of show business, Epstein achieved auditions at Decca Records, which was scheduled for January 1, 1962. On the morning of the first day of the new year, the Four and Epstein arrived in London to record and audition. The result had to wait more than a month and it turned out to be negative. The management of the company showed no interest in the material. Epstein was refused with the wording: "groups of guitarists go out of fashion." A year later, having signed up on another label, the group will lead the national hit parade.
Paul McCartney gives autograph to a happy fan
In October 1962, the first single of the group (“Love Me Do”) was released, and in March 1963, the debut album (“Please Please Me”), headed the national charts for six months and marked the beginning of the insane popularity of musicians.During a tour in America, The Beatles performed twice on the “Ed Sullivan Show” program, bringing a record number of viewers in the history of television — 73 million (40% of the US population at the time). This record is also still not beaten by anyone.
Compared to 1997, the autograph of the famous “Beatle” by Paul McCartney “went up in price” nine times and is estimated at $ 2,370.
The Beatles during filming Help! in the Bahamas, 1965
Once John Lennon at the peak of fame said that The Beatles is more popular than Jesus Christ. Outraged by this statement, KLUE radio station from a small Texas town held an action of publicly burning records and other symbols of The Beatles, in which many of its listeners took part. The next day, the building of the radio station was struck by lightning, after which the equipment was disabled, and the announcer fainted.
The Beatles rehearsal during a vacation in Miami Beach, 1964
The truth about the song Yesterday
When Paul McCartney recorded the song Yesterday, professional musicians from the string quartet accompanying him called the song “a seven-tact non-square construction” and said that music was not written that way. After recording, the other members of the group doubted whether to include it on the album at all, and insisted,so that the song is not released separately. As a result, she entered the British charts in the performance of singer Metta Monroe, who released her version of the hit. In other countries, the song was published as a single and almost everywhere soared to the top of the charts.
Ringo Starr during a concert, 1964
The school for which Ringo Starr once studied is today one of the objects of pilgrimage. You can even sit behind her for a bit: though, she has five five pounds. But once on the abilities of a sickly boy, who studied at school for only two years, everyone put up a cross.
Paul McCartney talks with his future wife Linda Eastman, 1967
John Lennon and Yoko Ono on the cover of Rolling Stone
Women played a special role in the life of the band members. At one time, all four, being British, married American women. The appearance of Yoko Ono at group rehearsals provoked a protest from the rest of the Beatles. Because of this, the musicians felt discomfort, and the tension inside the group increased. At the same time, John and Yoko were engaged in joint work. Yoko took part in the recording of some songs of The Beatles.
Snapshot to the album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, 1967
When The Beatles recorded Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, John Lennon explained the origin of the song's name by saying that his son Julian baptized his picture. However, many saw in this title a hint of the drug LSD, because it was such an abbreviation that consisted of its first letters, and the BBC completely banned the song for rotation. Later, Paul McCartney said that the effect of LSD on this song is quite obvious.
The Beatles in London, 1968
During the performance of the Beatles in the royal variety, the royal family joined their audience. The audience, feeling the "highest" presence, behaved quite constrained and even applauded with an eye on the royal box. Noticing this, John said after the performance of one of the songs: “The public in cheap places, do not hesitate, clap! And the rest, too, join - shake their jewels! ". The queen was not at all offended by the prankster (here it is, a good sense of English humor!) And even presented Lennon with an expensive ring.
John Lennon on the set of the movie "Magic mysterious journey"
Experiments with creativity
While recording one of The Beatles' albums, part of the song Yellow Submarine Lennon sang into the microphone with a condom put on him.At first, John wanted to record underwater to create a presence in a submarine. But since this was impossible, he took a bottle of water and put a microphone in it. And to protect the microphone from the circuit, he took the condom and put it on the microphone. Otherwise, John could just explode, because 240 volts pass through the microphone. It was part of the lead vocal, but it was never used.
It is believed that the Beatles were the first to use a kind of sound effect called signal charging or feedback. A characteristic sound for this effect can be heard at the beginning of a song called I Feel Fine, recorded in the 1964th year.
Police can barely hold back a crowd of fans at Buckingham Palace
The Beatles Fans in New York
Many of the Beatles' jokes were perceived by their fans in all seriousness. One day, Paul told reporters that he really loves chocolates, but he rarely eats them - George confiscates everything that is sweet from him. After this, Beatlemania turned into chocolate-making: Apple’s studio was piled up with piles of chocolate, and many packages arrived with the note: “This is not for George, but for Paul!”. Fans threw musicians with candies and "live" - during performances.
The fans of the legendary four wanted to keep some “artifact” about them. This was especially amusing McCartney, who loved, leaning out of the hotel window, to throw an unfinished cigarette on the ground. For the right to own a stub, dozens of girls fought.
The last joint shot of The Beatles, 1969
“We dreamed of changing something in this world ... but everything remained the same. They are still selling weapons to South Africa, and blacks are being killed outside. People still live in poverty, and rats run after them. Only crowds of rich idlers are walking around London in fashionable rags. I no longer believe in the Beatles myth. John Lennon
Relationships inside The Beatles finally deteriorated in 1968. Lennon and Paul McCartney had a lot of complaints about each other. Lennon, for example, did not like the fact that McCartney was pulling the blanket over himself, and he was unhappy with Lennon’s apathy and his constant stay in the studio during Yoko Ono’s recordings. In addition, their creative collaboration virtually ceased, Lennon was increasingly inclined to psychedelics (“Strawberry Fields Forever”), acid rock (“I am the Walrus”) and avant-garde (“Revolution 9”).
John Lennon gives autograph to his killer Mark David Chapman, 1980
The Killing of John Lennon
On December 8, 1980, John Lennon was murdered by US citizen Mark David Chapman. At 10:50 pm, when Lennon and Yoko Ono were returning from the studio, Chapman, seeing Lennon, shouted after him “Hey, Mr. Lennon!”, Then shot him five times (four bullets hit Lennon). Then Chapman sat down on the asphalt under the lantern and began to read the book “The Catcher in the Rye” by the American writer D. D. Salinger. Lennon was taken to hospital, where he died from serious blood loss. Death was ascertained at 23:15. Chapman did not try to escape from the scene of the crime and did not resist arrest. He applied for pardon 7 times (last time in August 2012), all of them were rejected.
The murder of John Lennon is considered to be the end of the era of The Beatles.
The Beatles - total
The Beatles have had a significant impact on rock music and are recognized by experts as one of the most successful groups of the 20th century in both creative and commercial terms. Many famous rock musicians admit that they became influenced by the songs of this group. Despite the fact that the former glory of musicians is long gone, concerts of fans are regularly held all over the world.
The number of records sold by The Beatles exceeds a billion, and the number of their albums sold in the USA is greater than that of any other artist.