Types of summer allergies: what should you beware of?
Bright sunshine and flowering herbs can make healthy people happy, but allergy sufferers have a hard time, because, depending on the type of allergy, it can be out of the sun and pollen, which is difficult to hide, and even a mosquito bite. Heat, dirty and humid air only exacerbates the situation. What types of allergies do people most often suffer in the summer, what are their symptoms - read on.
The most common and strongest allergen in the summer is pollen, which plants secrete, mainly weeds, in particular, ragweed and ragweed. Pollen can spread over a very long distance, causing damage to many allergies. In a person who suffers from allergies, there is a corresponding allergic reaction when this pollen gets on the mucous membranes of the nasal and oral cavities, as well as the conjunctiva of the eyes.
Symptoms of a pollen allergy include severe runny nose, sneezing and coughing, difficulty breathing, eye irritation, tearing and swelling.Pollen allergy is treated with antihistamine and anti-edema drugs, saline, and in the street they wear glasses and a medical mask.
Most people do not suffer from allergies to insect bites, showing only a normal reaction to the bite, accompanied by pain, redness and swelling. But in some people it is an allergic reaction that, apart from these three symptoms, can cause rashes, fever, weakness, vomiting, difficulty breathing, and further development of this reaction can provoke anaphylactic shock, not to mention the fact that insects often carry dangerous infections.
The most common allergy to sting insect bites, but often a reaction to the blood-sucking, for example, an allergy to mosquitoes or fleas. Mild allergies are often treated with antihistamines and soothing ointments, but severe cases require immediate first aid and obligatory treatment to a doctor.
It is worth mentioning about this summer trouble, as the so-called allergy to the sun - although in fact there are no allergic components in the sun.Ultraviolet light itself is not allergenic, but unpleasant symptoms can occur when it interacts with a specific substance that is on or inside the skin. Such substances are called photosensitizers, and the disease itself - photodermatitis.
Some drugs, cosmetic products, juice or pollen of some plants, as well as accumulation of certain substances inside the body, can provoke photodermatitis. Symptoms of such allergies manifest as redness, swelling on the skin and multiple rashes, accompanied by itching and burning. They fight photodermatitis in different ways: with the help of medicines, by means of protection against ultraviolet radiation or by limiting contact with the photosensitizer.
Mold and fungus
It is common in summertime and is allergic to mold, the spores of which enter the body through the respiratory tract and provoke an allergic reaction. Especially favorable conditions for it are created in closed and wet rooms.
The symptoms of such an allergy are reflected in the breathing and allergy eyes and are very similar to the symptoms of an allergy to pollen - it is a wet cough, sneezing, tearing and inflammation of the eyes, swelling, difficulty breathing.Treat mold allergies with antifungal and antihistamine drugs, strengthen the immune system and a special diet.
How do allergies survive the summer period? See the following video: