Weaving: history, types of weaving
Weavingis one of the oldest crafts. Speaking about weaving, it should be noted that there is a huge number of methods, techniques and materials used in this type of needlework. The most popular today is wickerwork, beading and macrame.
Wickerworkoriginates from the depths of the ages. It appeared much earlier pottery and took a significant place in human life. Suffice it to recall at least that dwellings and hedges were erected from the branches of trees, all kinds of household items were made, from furniture to children's toys. In Russia, virtually every peasant could weave a basket if that was necessary.
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It was impossible to do without baskets: they were washed in the river to wash clothes, they took it with them to the forest or to the road, going on a long journey. In addition, weaving is a precursor to weaving. The very first rugs, mats and clothing woven from herbs are the prototype of modern fabrics.
Basket weavingIt has reached our time with little or no change, and anyone who wants can learn how to weave from a vine. In addition, the availability of the material used is very captivating, since not only the vine can be used for weaving, but, in fact, any plant that has long, flexible, thin stems. This can be cane, rush, grapevine, corn leaves and much more, rattan weaving is very popular.
Also a big plus is that weaving from the vine can be combined with other techniques, which are based on the use of natural materials: painting, carving, ikebana, floristics and much more that creative imagination will tell. For a start, you can create crafts easier, and then you can make almost any thing. Lamps, vases, stools, armchairs, wicker garden furniture are in great demand because they are beautiful, practical and emphasize the individuality of the owner.
And if weaving from a rod can decorate the interior, thenbead weavingcan decorate clothes and become a bright and fashionable accessory. Egypt is considered the birthplace of beadwork, where long before our era glass ornaments were woven: in small opaque crystalsholes were made through which the hair was threaded or the wax-soaked thread.
Also, jewelry made of beads was worn in ancient Russia. Even wealthy peasant women could afford the kokoshniks, embroidered with beads and freshwater pearls. Embroidery from beads also decorated handbags, wallets, pillows, tablecloths, belts, suspenders, etc. But the real "centers of needlework" were convents. Here, church decorations were prepared, priests' clothes were embroidered with gold, silver, silk, and stones, and icons embroidered on the front of the satin stitch and decorated with beads and pearls could compete with hand-written icons.
But not only the churches trusted the needleworking nuns, they were also used by rich fashionable ladies and even statesmen who wanted to decorate their uniforms with sewing. It is thanks to the nuns and monasteries, collecting and storing various techniques of needlework, we can today admire icons, royal robes, patriarchal vestments, which can truly be called works of art.
Today's masters in no way inferior to the nuns in artbeadwork, creating from these tiny beads beautiful decorations, mosaics, paintings, which can be safely called masterpieces.Hand weaving beads looks bright and spectacular, ennobles and gives a touch of luxury. Numerous beadwork patterns of flowers, trees, cameos, brooches, necklaces and other decorations can be found on specialized sites.
Another type of weaving ismacrame. The history of macrame begins in ancient China and Japan, from where it spreads throughout the world. Some nations used this knot weaving to store and transmit information. "Nodular letters" were deciphered by color, size, shape and combination of nodules.
In times of paganism, amulets and talismans that were worn on the arm or on the neck were made of knots. The churchmen of those times considered weaving as a crime, and those who were engaged in this kind of needlework were considered to be heretics and sorcerers and subjected to cruel punishment or execution.
There is an opinion that the sailing fleet of the 8th - 9th centuries became the mediator of macrame, as the numerous combinations of sea knots are extremely complex and original in their beauty. Sailors used ingenious knots for their needs, and in their free time they decorated their knives and knickknacks with knotted patterns.At different times, the knot weaving was revived, then forgotten, but in each period of its heyday, the weaving and knitting technique of knots became more complicated and involved all new types of creativity.
Wickerwork could be seen everywhere: in the interior, in clothes and even in the paintings of great painters. Sandro Botticelli was one of the first artists to depict wicker products. Currently this techniqueknot weavingAlso available to anyone who wants to decorate their own interior with beautiful panels or weave flowerpots. Also, this technique produces original belts and belts, toys, pendants, vases, baskets and many other useful and beautiful things that can serve as a wonderful gift for any holiday.