What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it?

The causes of the disease

With polyneuropathy, the peripheral nerves are totally affected. The disease occurs as a result of such pathological processes:

  • nerve nutrition is impaired;
  • disturbed blood circulation in the nerve tissues.
The lack of oxygen and the lack of nutrients cause multiple damage to the nerves of the limbs.

Causes of lower extremity neuropathy:

  • Nerve endings in the lower limbsinfection (diphtheria, AIDS, herpes and others);
  • inflammations;
  • toxic poisoning (due to alcohol, drugs and ingestion of toxic substances);
  • metabolic disorders (diabetes, cirrhosis);
  • injuries and burns.

Most commonaxonal polyneuropathythat develops with diabetes. Such damage to the nervous system can occur with cancer and vitamin B deficiency. A separate group consists of hereditary polyneuropathy.

How are polyneuropathies classified?

Unified systematization of polyneuropathy is not developed. This disease can be hereditary or acquired.

Hurts a man's legGiven the nature of the flow are distinguished:

  • acute (develops in a few days);
  • subacute (the development of the disease takes several weeks);
  • chronic (progressing over several months or years).

Given the clinical picture of muscular dysfunction, it is classified as:

  • motor;
  • sensory;
  • vegetative.

Typical manifestations of the disease

Polyneuropathy is characterized by certain symptoms. One of them is the presence of motor disorders in the lower extremities (feet, legs). Muscles lose their strength and decrease in size.

Check the sensitivity of the feetOther symptoms are present: limb sensitization. These signs differ sensory form. A person feels a feeling of cold, his feet are sweating heavily. It happens that the sensitivity of the lower extremities increases. Discomfort is often felt in the skin: tingling. Not only tactile, but also pain and vibration sensitivity decreases. There is numbness of the lower extremities.

The following symptom is associated with trophic disorders.The skin becomes dry and thin. Often it is covered with ulcers. Feet rough. This symptom complex is accompanied by axonal polyneuropathy. Also, the axonal form gives a feeling of heaviness and burning in the legs.

A frequent sign is heart palpitations and disturbances in the functioning of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
The diabetic form is characterized by a slowly progressive hepestosis in the lower extremities.

Methods for the diagnosis of polyneuropathy

Doctors examine the patient's feet.Diagnosis is carried out, taking into account the characteristic symptoms and complaints of the patient. The doctor specifies the hereditary factors: this refers to fatigue, weakness of the muscles of the limbs (in relatives of the patient). Also pay attention to the specific gait, deformation changes of the feet. Not only neurological symptoms are characteristic of toxic polyneuropathy.

If there is a suspicion of medicinal polyneuropathy, then find out what drugs the patient consumed.

The diabetic form can be diagnosed on the basis of complaints of burning and other manifestations of the disease in the limbs. Axonal develops if diabetes mellitus progresses and lasts a long time.

As part of diagnostic activities, the patient’s urine and blood are examined. Sometimes they use special means, among which is needle electromyography. Rarely have to resort to biopsy.

How is polyneuropathy treated?

Treatment of the disease depends on the type of polyneuropathy. It is based on the following principles:

  1. Diabeticrequires constant monitoring of blood sugar levels.
  2. Vitamin BIf diagnosedalcoholicform, then the patient should immediately stop drinking alcohol. In parallel, conduct injection therapy: use vitamin B.
  3. If the disease hasinfectiousnature, then apply therapeutic sera, antibiotics. Therapy is supplemented with antiviral agents and vitamin B.
  4. Upon detectionintoxicationThe treatment includes the use of antidotes. As well as the necessary therapeutic component - vitamin B. Detoxification measures are carried out.
Treatment of any form is carried out with the use of vitamins of group B. Thus, the nutrition of the nervous tissues is improved, which contributes to the restoration of the function of peripheral nerves.

Comprehensive treatment involves the exercise physical therapy, the use of the principle of healthy eating. The patient is recommended to work and rest sparingly. It is justified to reinforce the main therapy with traditional methods.

Foot massage treatmentWhen the symptoms become less pronounced, then massage treatments are prescribed. Treatment includes physiotherapy, acupuncture.

The effectiveness of therapy is enhanced if it is supplemented with homeopathic remedies.

Can I use folk remedies?

Along with medication, you can use the components of the natural "pharmacy". If we use traditional methods as an additional therapy, the healing process is accelerated, the metabolic processes are improved, and alcohol intoxication is eliminated.

Two glasses of carrot juicePopular folk remedies (if diagnosed with alcoholic neuropathy) arehealing cocktails. Its components are fresh carrot juice (100 mm), which is mixed with one egg yolk. Add olive oil (2 tablespoons) and honey (2 hours) to the mixture. Folk composition take on an empty stomach.

Enjoy and other popular ways.For them use a bay leaf (1 tbsp.), Fenugreek seeds (3 tbsp. L.). These drugs treat the diabetic form of the disease.

http://youtu.be/ZorG0iclCi0

For infusions use medicinal plants (wild rosemary, red clover, sage). You can use more non-standard folk methods. They involve the use of oil for insisting Hypericum. Ginger is also added to the composition. Treatment consists of wraps and massage treatments.

It should be remembered that lower limb polyneuropathy is a serious disease of the nervous system. Self-treatment of any form, which includes alcohol, will not give the desired result. If disturbing symptoms are found, then competent medical intervention is required.

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  • What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

    What is polyneuropathy and how to treat it

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