What you need to know about boxing newbies


What should a newbie know about boxing?

The popularity of boxing in the former Soviet Union is growing by leaps and bounds. For example, according to the results of rating studies, among TV fans, boxing by popularity takes an honorable second place after football, followed by figure skating.


Agree - this result can not fail to impress. Of course, this kind of sport was loved in our country many years ago, but it was a slightly different box - t. amateur, or amateur.

It differs from the professional in many of the rules. For example, the number of rounds, the mandatory wearing of shock-absorbing helmets, a scoring system, etc.


It is an amateur sport is an Olympic sport. So it is not necessary, starting from the name, to assume that in amateur boxing the class of athletes is lower than in professional - these are two independent sports.

Perhaps the main difference is that in professional boxing the emphasis is much more biased towards show business. The fighters enter the ring in a bright entourage with impressive music,protective devices are minimized to increase the likelihood of spectacular knockouts and, accordingly, entertainment. Any significant fight is accompanied by press conferences, lush promotion - and all with the aim to earn more money.


A financial machine is a stronghold of professional boxing, a guarantor and the basis of its existence. Thank God, on this component of the show is exhausted, and everything else is already a sport. Actually, boxing burst into our everyday life through a breach made by “iron brothers” by the name of Klitschko.


Our man began to watch boxing, rooting for his people, then gradually realized that there were interesting fighters besides the Klitschko brothers, then he began to understand a lot about the beauty of technology, and not just horrible knockouts - and away we went. It is becoming more prestigious to discuss the latest boxing events at the Friday beer mug, to argue that Ricky Hatton’s speed will not help him in a fight against Kostya Tszyu’s strength and experience, and that only thanks to the Klitschko brothers heavyweight has not yet turned into a puppet Don King's Theater.

But how to be a novice fan, still slightly confused in the comments, voiced by a pleasant baritone V. I.Gendlin, and very vaguely understanding how the uppercut differs from the cross? These lines are intended to help him.


Follow the main events in the world of boxing on sports sites.

How it all began

There are many points of view on when, where and how the traditions and rules of modern boxing began to form. Images of fist fighters dating from many millennia BC and belonging to different ethnocultural traditions, archaeologists find around the world. A rather strong, though indirect, influence on the traditions of modern boxing was exerted by ancient Greek boxing - pygmachia.

Boxing history

For the first time pygmy was included in the program of the Olympic Games in 688 BC. er The champion, Onomastos from Smyrna, was the first author of the Olympic boxing rules. Already at that time, boxing was an elite sport, which was honorable even for noble men.


For example, Pythagoras of Samos, a great philosopher, healer and scientist, became a champion of the fist fight in the bezusoy youth. The rules of the battle in Greece were distinguished by high humanity - to soften the blow of the hands of the fighters they were wrapped in strips of soft leather, and it was permitted to raise the open palm to surrender to a stronger opponent.

Of course, injuries and mortality in the battle for the perception of modern man still remained very high - but the situation changed radically with the flourishing of the holy Roman Empire and the brutal tradition of gladiatorial fights.

Story 2

Then the cushioning windings of the brushes turned into cestases - terrifying tools from coarse rope with iron claws (and later to myrmex: leather spiked gloves), and the battle ended with you know how ... There was no question about professional single item.

Further, in the history of boxing, there was a lull, a half thousand years long. In the harsh Middle Ages, the Europeans had more pressing problems - then a plague epidemic will happen, then barbarians will raid, then the Holy Inquisition will forbid waving their fists.


The tradition of fist fights resurrected in 1681 in England.


True, boxing at that time still contained quite a few elements of the struggle - captures, throws, finishing off a fallen opponent - and only passed the stage of the formation of clear sport rules. In 1857, John Graeme Chambers, using the lobby of John Sholto Douglas, marquis of the Queensberry dynasty, developed and introduced new rules for conducting battles.This event set the trend for the further development of the rules, and in today's provisions we can consider the trace of those very provisions of the Victorian era.

The history of boxing

The basic rules of modern professional boxing

The fight takes place in the ring - a square platform with a side of six meters, fenced with strained ropes. Two opposite corners of the ring, in which the boxer teams are placed, are conventionally divided into red and blue (there are cases when the boxer picks up the punches during the breaks between rounds is confused and not sent to his corner). The ring is illuminated exclusively from above, so as not to blind the boxers.

A fight consists of rounds of three minutes each with minute breaks. The number of rounds depends on the status of the fight and can be 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12. The winner of the fight is determined by the fact of a knockout or on points.


If the fight is stopped ahead of time - at the discretion of the referee, the doctor's recommendation, the boxer's initiative or his seconds - then his opponent will receive a victory by technical knockout (TKO).

boxing fight

Scoring points involved three judges sitting near the ring. At the end of the round, they subjectively evaluate the actions of each of the boxers and give them from 6 to 10 points.


For example, if one boxer looked better, then points are distributed as 10-9. If his advantage was confident and absolute, the judges give a score of 10-8.


Also, the boxers get one point for each knockdown he has visited, or for deliberately breaking the rules.


Mouth guard.Soft mouthpiece protecting the teeth of a fighter. If, due to a strong blow, the cap leaves the fighter's mouth, the fight immediately stops until she takes her rightful place.

Gloves. There is a great variety of different gloves for boxing. But still they can be divided into three categories: eight-, ten-, and twelve-o'clock. Before putting on gloves, the fighter’s hands are taped (wrapped with bandages) and the already laced glove is fixed with a plaster.


The presence of foreign objects in the glove is strictly prohibited - to avoid such incidents, the supervisor observes the whole process. In a sign that everything went fine, he puts the painting on the final winding with a patch on the cuff of the glove.

Underpants.In principle, there are no special requirements for this part of equipment. Panties can be any color and cut. The main thing is that they cover more than a third of the thigh and have at least three elastic bands in the belt.


By the way, Vitali Klitschko's underwear, in which he won the WBC world title, went under the hammer for $ 50,000. Moreover, an anonymous buyer insisted that the pants were unwashed.

Bandage.Device that protects the genitals of fighters from accidental blows below the belt.

Footwear.Light, high-top lace-up boots without heels - so-called. boxers.

Weight categories


The idea of ​​dividing into categories according to weights appeared during the establishment of the rules of the Marquis of Queensberry, and then actively developed, giving the opportunity to realize themselves in boxing to almost anyone.


Boxers are weighed, as a rule, one day before the fight - and many use this time to gain weight. For example, in the last battle, after weighing in, Erik Morales managed to add to his 59th another 6 kilograms of live weight.

Today there are 17 weight categories.


Weight in pounds



Max weight in kg




Heavy weight

over 90.719



Heavy weight

First heavy weight


Light heavyweight


Light heavyweight



Super middleweight


Super middleweight





Average weight



Super welterweight


Super medium weight

Light middleweight
First middle weight







Super lightweight


Super lightweight

Light welterweight
Junior welterweight
Light welter




A light weight



Super featherweight


Super heavyweight

First light weight







Super bantamweight


First Featherweight

The weight of the super- "cock"




Lightest weight

The weight of the "rooster"


Super flyweight


First light weight

Super fly weight




The lightest weight

Fly weight


Junior flyweight


First lightweight weight





Minimum weight

Feather weight



Read the article to learn how to properly develop the power of hands.


Concise Dictionary of the beginner amateur boxing

Since the cradle of the traditions of professional boxing was England and the USA, then the terminology of boxing is mainly formed from English words.

Anderdog- A boxer confronting an unconditional favorite.

Undercard- battles preceding the main battle of this evening.

Uppercut(Uppercut) - a sharp blow of tremendous power, applied from the bottom up, as a rule, into the opponent's jaw. Effective in melee combat.

Boltanulo- the fighter struck a clean strong blow, not plunging the enemy to the floor, but pretty shook and disorienting him.

Direct hit left

Bike twist- to retreat a lot, to back up in battle, working mainly on counterattacks.

Groggie- state of disorientation caused by missed strikes.

Jeb- straight long punch with the front hand (for example, left with right-handers).

Jolt- straight short punch with the front hand.

Two- a classic, very common combination: left straight - right straight.

Canvas- ring flooring. Often used in idioms "kiss canvas", "smell canvas" - to be on the floor.


Cross- direct blow with the right hand, as a rule, inflicted in the incision (cm). Very often is the final in the series.

Clinch- reception, conducting which, the fighter densely nestles on the opponent and clasps his hands. In the clinch, you can win precious seconds to take a breath, while simultaneously exhausting an opponent by hanging on it. The abundance of clinches in one battle is considered to be a dirty manner and a move.

Mismatch- an unequal battle in which one fighter is definitely much stronger than the other. Although in boxing all sorts of surprises are.

Bag- in the literal sense of the word sports equipment, a cylindrical leather bag with soft padding used for practicing shocks. In a figurative sense - a mediocre boxer, slipped by the promoter (cm) to his ward fighter to increase the rating.

Punching bag

To roll- boost the pace of the battle and begin to aggressively put pressure on the enemy.

Knockdown- the fighter after the impact touched the floor with the third point of support (the knockdown is reported, even if it is easy to strike the floor with a glove).

Knockout- the fighter does not respond to external stimuli for 10 seconds after a missed strike, or is on the verge of loss of consciousness.

Promoter- a very important figure in professional boxing. Solves all organizational issues, "spins" the image of the fighters, arranges fights. Without competent promoters modern professional boxing could hardly have taken place.

In the ring

Felling- tight melee, in which the main focus is on the number and strength of strikes. The opposite - boxing - economical combat from a distance and filigree technique.

Swing- side impact with a strong swing in a wide trajectory. (Including the “collective-farm” right-handed right-handed gangster so beloved by the street gopota). It has tremendous power, but at the same time relatively low accuracy and speed of execution.

Cut punch- the blow struck between the gloves brought together, thus penetrating the block.

Hook- short side impact.

A source:
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  • What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies

    What you need to know about boxing newbies