Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

Vaccination: Definition

First of all, as Dr. Komarovsky notes, parents should understand what vaccination is. In our country, as in many others, there is an approved vaccination schedule. However, besides the recommended ones, you can do those that you consider necessary. For example, vaccination against poliomyelitis and whooping cough (DTP) is provided for in this calendar, but vaccination with Prevenar for pneumococcal infection (causes pneumonia, meningitis) is not mandatory, but you can do it (for an additional fee).

Vaccination scheduleAny pediatrician has this schedule of vaccinations, so the famous doctor recommends that you follow it with the greatest possible accuracy. The effectiveness of the vaccination will depend on this.

Vaccination is the process of administering a vaccine, to which a reaction occurs in the body in the form of antibody production. That is, in the future, when such organisms enter the body, protection will be ready against them.But vaccination does not guarantee that the child does not get sick, it only reduces the risk of complications.

Dr. Komarovsky argues that with the existence of a wide variety of serious diseases (the presence of polio, meningitis, tuberculosis, the list is not exhausted), it is not worth refusing vaccination. After all, it can, ultimately, even save the life of your child.

List of major vaccinations

Baby is vaccinatedOne of the first vaccinations a child receives is BCG, and it is done for tuberculosis. Then her revaccination is done, but its need is determined by the Mantoux test. It is for this purpose that they are doing it. Remember that Mantu is not a vaccine, but a test. Its essence is to determine the presence of tuberculosis bacilli in the body. After all, sooner or later it appears, and the task of parents and doctors is to prepare the children's body for this meeting. Indeed, in the presence of antibodies, the disease simply will not develop. And the child, who has a wand being detected, becomes registered, and the task of adults, and especially doctors, is to monitor his state of health in the future. And in case of any suspicions, conduct timely treatment to prevent the development of complications.

Further, from about 3 months, vaccination begins directly in the clinic. Do it according to the vaccination schedule. It includes triple administration of DTP (vaccine against three diseases - whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus), vaccines against hepatitis, poliomyelitis, mumps and others.

Some vaccinations can be combined. For example, DTP is given intravenously and a polio vaccine is dripped onto the tongue, or another combination is DTP and Prevenar.

Prevenar: what and why?

Despite the fact that such a vaccination is not mandatory, many doctors recommend it. Indeed, with the defeat of an unprepared organism with pneumococcal infection, the occurrence of such diseases as pneumonia, otitis, pleurisy, purulent meningitis and others may occur. Some of them can be fatal. Therefore, if possible, Dr. Komarovsky and other pediatricians are advised to make this vaccine.

Drug PrevenarDo a similar vaccination drug Prevenar children aged 2 months to 5 years. In order for everything to go without complications and pathologies, it is necessary to properly prepare the child (read about it below) and purchase a vaccine.An important condition for the correct implementation of vaccination is to follow the recommendations for storage and transportation of the drug (storage in the cold).

The vaccine "Prevenar" and "Prevenar 13" are on sale. The instructions to Prevenar indicated that it had proven its effectiveness against bacterial pneumonia, otitis, meningitis, and other diseases. Before you buy Prevenar in a pharmacy, consult your pediatrician.

Poliomyelitis danger

This disease is caused by a virus. Most often, its victims are children under the age of 5 years. Through the mouth opening, the virus enters the intestine, where it actively multiplies and subsequently leads to damage to the nervous system. The main manifestation of polio is the development of so-called "flaccid paralysis." Most of all it concerns the torso area, as well as the legs.

The consequences of poliomyelitis, such as respiratory paralysis, are fatal. In other cases, children who have experienced a similar disease become lifelong disabled.

The child is being vaccinated against polio.These are facts that, alas, do not hide. It is therefore not surprising that polio vaccination is of great importance.Dr. Komarovsky insists on such vaccination, although it is necessary to carry out the procedure from the point of view of a reasonable approach and only with the permission of the pediatrician.

Today there are two polio vaccines. The effectiveness of both (inactivated poliomyelitis and orally live attenuated poliomyelitis) is very high. The main difference is the low risk of complications - vaccine-associated polio - when using a "live" vaccine.

Preparation for vaccination

Dr. Komarovsky argues that the vaccination of DTP, Prevenar or another drug will be successful and without complications in the case when the child is properly prepared, and the procedure is carried out according to the standards.

What preparation does vaccination require?

No special actions should be performed. Unless it is not necessary to conduct experiments with food (introduce new or exotic products). Use any medications to prevent the development of complications is also not worth it. Indeed, in this case it will be only "psychotherapy for moms and dads."

A day before the time of the proposed vaccination, try to reduce the amount of food eaten by the child and in no case force it to eat. Vaccination may be difficult to tolerate on a full stomach.

Going to the clinic for DTP or Prevenar vaccination, dress the child so that he does not have time to sweat before the vaccination procedure. After all, otherwise you can get unpleasant consequences.

A few days before vaccination, try to limit the child's communication with people and especially children. After all, infections are everywhere, and pick them up before vaccination should not be. While waiting in line for DPT vaccination or Prevenar, try to minimize communication with others. Not everyone in the clinic go healthy.

Actions after vaccination

After the vaccination was given to the child, Dr. Komarovsky advises a lot of walking. In addition, he recommends that the baby be fed little or in sufficient quantity, avoiding overfeeding. In the absence of appetite, it is not necessary to force the child to eat.

Baby drinking from a green mugA sufficient amount of fluid must be present in the body, so the baby needs to be watered a lot and varied. Mineral water, tea, compote of dried fruit, fruit and berry drink are suitable for this.

Coolness and high air humidity will help provide the body with normal conditions for withstanding possible complications.In the process of developing immunity, it is necessary to limit the communication of a child with people and children as much as possible. The arrival of new microbes is not necessary for him now.

In the case when you observe an increase in body temperature or a deterioration in health, it is necessary to call a doctor. To reduce the temperature, you can use paracetamol in any available form. But it is best to deal with the temperature increase in humidity and fresh air in the room where the child is.

Complications after vaccination: what is the reason?

Girl sneezing in handA lot of censure is the opinion voiced by Dr. Komarovsky regarding the appearance of a reaction to vaccination. After all, parents are much easier to blame for the whole vaccine, in extreme cases - the medical staff. And rarely anyone thinks about the fact that, perhaps, he himself has committed unacceptable acts. For example, the day before the vaccination, DPT went to visit friends whose children sneeze. It seems to be okay, but after vaccination there is a high fever and lethargy in a child. Who is guilty? Of course, vaccination! And in any case, not parents who did not remember at the right time, that soon DPT.

Thus, Komarovsky identifies three main factors affecting the reaction after any vaccination (including DTP, which parents most often scare):

  • the state of health of the child (determined by the doctor before vaccination);
  • the quality and impact of a particular vaccine (you need to read the instructions for it);
  • the actions of the physicians themselves.

At the same time, compliance with the rules for vaccine storage and transportation plays an important role. Depending on who gets the vaccine, this responsibility falls on the same health workers or parents. In addition, parents should learn to distinguish the response to a vaccine from the appearance of complications. The second is a very serious situation that requires medical intervention.

When should and should not be vaccinated

The main thing to remember is the absence of signs of an infectious disease in a child. These symptoms may be fever, rash, runny nose or diarrhea. Komarovsky makes this special emphasis because the vaccine completely “loads” the immunity with work so that he cannot be distracted by anything.

Mom determines the temperature of the child's handOtherwise, the same unpleasant situation arises with painful reactions or, God forbid, complications.After vaccination, the body throws all the forces to develop a sufficient amount of antibodies that will cope with one or another pathogen. Thus, the main contraindication to vaccination is the "load" on the immune system. However, if a child has a non-infectious snot, and the general condition is normal, i.e. the disease does not “load” the immune system, then there are no obstacles to vaccination.

Also, the child should not be vaccinated immediately after the transfer of complex diseases. In this case, the body will be restored for a long time, and the immunity is not capable of a “full-scale” struggle. An example of such diseases can be meningitis, infectious hepatitis and mononucleosis. The period of refraining from vaccinations can be up to 6 months or more, which is determined by the attending physician.

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  • Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion

    Whether to vaccinate children or not: expert opinion